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ARS Home » Pacific West Area » Hilo, Hawaii » Daniel K. Inouye U.S. Pacific Basin Agricultural Research Center » Tropical Crop and Commodity Protection Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #368556

Research Project: Detection, Control and Area-wide Management of Fruit Flies and Other Quarantine Pests of Tropical/Subtropical Crops

Location: Tropical Crop and Commodity Protection Research

Title: Targeted amplicon sequencing of 40 nuclear genes supports a single introduction and rapid radiation of Hawaiian Metrosideros (Myrtaceae)

item DUPUIS, JULIAN - University Of Hawaii
item PILLON, YOHAN - University Of Montpellier
item SAKISHIMA, TOMOKO - University Of Hawaii
item GEMMILL, CHRISSEN - University Of Waikato
item CHAMALA, SRIKAR - University Of Florida
item BARBAZUK, W. BRAD - University Of Florida
item Geib, Scott
item STACY, ELIZABETH - University Of Hawaii

Submitted to: Plant Systematics and Evolution
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 9/7/2019
Publication Date: 9/20/2019
Citation: Dupuis, J.R., Pillon, Y., Sakishima, T., Gemmill, C., Chamala, S., Barbazuk, W., Geib, S.M., Stacy, E.A. 2019. Targeted amplicon sequencing of 40 nuclear genes supports a single introduction and rapid radiation of Hawaiian Metrosideros (Myrtaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution. pp 1-14.

Interpretive Summary: Conducting molecular dating (dating the time of divergence of a particular taxonomic group) often requires large nuclear gene datasets to be accurate. Here, we use a dataset of 40 nuclear genes to assess phylogenetic relationships of the genus Metrosideros, and date the divergence of the Hawaiian Metrosideros, which includes some of the most dominate species in native Hawaiian forests and displays high amounts of morphological variation within and across the islands. Using multiple analyses, we find strong support for monophyly of Metrosideros, but find no phylogenetic pattern between morphological variants across the Hawaiian Islands. Using newly discovered fossil evidence, we were able to date the Hawaiian Metrosideros to 3.1 MYA, which is intermediate to previous predictions using either limited molecular markers or raw island ages as calibration measures. This paper shows the power of using genomics and large nuclear datasets to assess phylogenetic relationships and conduct molecular dating.

Technical Abstract: Compared to traditionally used plastid or ribosomal markers, nuclear gene markers provide many advantages for molecular systematics of plants, and high-throughput sequencing technologies are making large nuclear datasets available at an unprecedented rate. We used targeted amplicon sequencing of 44 nuclear genes to construct a time-calibrated phylogeny of genus Metrosideros (Myrtaceae), evaluate recent systematic revisions, and assess whether phylogenetic signal within the Hawaiian Archipelago is correlated with island biogeography or morphological diversification. We generated a final dataset of 40 nuclear genes for 187 specimens, used multiple search heuristics and species-tree analysis to estimate a phylogeny, and incorporated new fossils for the genus to estimate divergence times across the dataset. All analyses supported the monophyly of Metrosideros, including Carpolepis and Tepualia. Hawaiian Metrosideros were monophyletic and dated to 3.1 MYA using new fossils for the genus, which is intermediate to previous estimates based on nuclear ribosomal/chloroplast loci and calibrated with island ages. Within the Hawaiian Metrosideros clade, we observed short branch lengths and unresolved relationships, and phylogenetic patterns were not concordant with biogeographic hypotheses of island progression, or the delineation of taxa or morphotypes. Average nucleotide diversity was relatively consistent across the Hawaiian Islands with the exception of slightly lower diversity on Kaua'i. These results provide a data-rich estimate of the timing of a single introduction of Metrosideros to Hawai‘i and highlight the need for molecular markers with higher evolutionary rates for resolution of relationships within this recent radiation.