Location: Food and Feed Safety ResearchTitle: A historical review on antibiotic resistance of foodborne Campylobacter
|YANG, YICHAO - University Of Arkansas
|SHI, ZHAOHAO - University Of Arkansas
|PAVLIDIS, HILARY - Diamond V Mills, Inc
|Kogut, Michael - Mike
|RICKE, STEVEN - University Of Arkansas
Submitted to: Frontiers in Microbiology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 6/17/2019
Publication Date: 7/26/2019
Citation: Yang, Y., Feye, K.M., Shi, Z., Pavlidis, H.O., Kogut, M.H., Ashworth, A.J., Ricke, S. 2019. A historical review on antibiotic resistance of foodborne Campylobacter. Frontiers in Microbiology. 10:1-8. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2019.01509.
Interpretive Summary: This review goes into detail regarding the emergence of antibiotic resistant Campylobacter and how quickly resistance arises. The more antibiotics are used, the more resistance will occur. However, antibiotics are important to cure infections that can cause significant disease in people. Therefore, it is important to understand the historical trends of antibiotic resistance and how resistance occurs across both the animal and human sectors.
Technical Abstract: Antibiotic resistance in Campylobacter is a significant human health concern. Our lab is becoming increasingly interested in how antibiotic resistance begins, and if there are new ways to reduce this threat to human health. This historical review was drafted to gain a preliminary understanding as to the real threat of antibiotic resistance in Campylobacter across time. Specifically, macrolide and fluoroquinolone antibiotic susceptibility and resistance have different origins and risk factors for human and veterinary patients. As poultry is a reservoir for foodborne Campylobacter, we also discuss the theoretical relationship between the animal and agricultural industries and antibiotic resistance. We conclude that while resistance parallels in both sectors, they may not necessarily be tied directly and, instead, be a result of similar evolutionary pressures that exist in both sectors.