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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Madison, Wisconsin » U.S. Dairy Forage Research Center » Dairy Forage Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #365805

Research Project: Improving Forage Genetics and Management in Integrated Dairy Systems for Enhanced Productivity, Efficiency and Resilience, and Decreased Environmental Impact

Location: Dairy Forage Research

Title: Breeding for soft seeded non shattering hairy vetch (Vicia villosa L.)

item Riday, Heathcliffe
item Kucek, Lisa
item DOUGLAS, JOEL - Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS, USDA)
item CARR, BRANDON - Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS, USDA)
item YOUNG-MATHEWS, ANNIE - Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS, USDA)
item BHAMIDIMARRI, SURESH - Corteva Agriscience
item Hayes, Ryan
item Azevedo, Mark
item TRAMMELL, MIKE - Noble Research Institute
item MONTEROS, MARIA - Noble Research Institute
item Mirsky, Steven
item WIERING, NICHOLAS - University Of Minnesota
item Bickhart, Derek
item Sullivan, Michael
item EHLKE, NANCY - University Of Minnesota
item Englert, John

Submitted to: National Association of Plant Breeders
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 7/18/2019
Publication Date: 8/25/2019
Citation: Riday, H., Kucek, L.K., Douglas, J.L., Carr, B., Young-Mathews, A., Bhamidimarri, S., Hayes, R.J., Azevedo, M.D., Trammell, M., Monteros, M., Mirsky, S.B., Wiering, N.P., Bickhart, D.M., Sullivan, M.L., Ehlke, N., Englert, J.S. 2019. Breeding for soft seeded non shattering hairy vetch (Vicia villosa L.). National Association of Plant Breeders. 25 to 29 August 2019.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Hairy vetch (Vicia villosa L.) is a major leguminous cover crop utilized in the United States. The high incidence of hard seed in the species is a limitation to farmer acceptance of this species. Furthermore, economic viability of seed production of this crop is hampered by the high incidence of shatter in the species. We report here on the initial phases of a program to develop soft-seeded non-shattering hairy vetch. This program has a two-pronged approach that includes 1) breeding for soft seed and non-shattering hairy vetch and 2) determining underlying genes for hard seed and shattering in hairy vetch. So far, in the project rapid phenotyping assays have been developed and evaluated. Two GWAS seed production evaluation nurseries were established and are under evaluation in Texas and Oregon. Efforts are underway to create a hairy vetch reference assembly. A rapid inexpensive PCR-SSR-amplicon genotyping assay has been developed for routine genotyping to assist in the program. A first cycle of phenotypic selection for soft-seeded hairy vetch is in progress.