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ARS Home » Northeast Area » Orient Point, New York » Plum Island Animal Disease Center » Foreign Animal Disease Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #365225

Research Project: Intervention Strategies to Support the Global Control and Eradication of Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus (FMDV)

Location: Foreign Animal Disease Research

Title: First report of near-complete genome sequences of foot-and-mouth disease virus serotype O strains from Kenya

item Palinski, Rachel
item SANGULA, ABRAHAM - Kenya Agricultural And Livestock Research Organization
item BERTRAM, MIRANDA - Oak Ridge Institute For Science And Education (ORISE)
item Pauszek, Steven
item Hartwig, Ethan
item Smoliga, George
item OBANDA, VINCENT - Kenya Wildlife Service
item OMONDI, GOERGE - University Of Minnesota
item VANDERWAAL, KIMBERLY - University Of Minnesota
item Arzt, Jonathan

Submitted to: Microbiology Resource Announcements
Publication Type: Other
Publication Acceptance Date: 8/10/2019
Publication Date: 8/20/2019
Citation: Palinski, R.M., Sangula, A., Bertram, M.R., Pauszek, S.J., Hartwig, E.J., Smoliga, G.R., Obanda, V., Omondi, G., Vanderwaal, K., Arzt, J. 2019. First Report of Near-Complete Genome Sequences of Footand- Mouth Disease Virus Serotype O Strains from Kenya. Microbiology Resource Announcements.

Interpretive Summary: Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) is an important transboundary disease affecting animal health and economics through impacts on agriculture and trade. The virus mutates rapidly in the field, and there are few up-to-date examples of viral sequences from Africa. Therefore, this report of a novel serotype O virus is an important consideration for vaccination and other FMDV control efforts in Kenya and for allowing FMDV-free countries like USA maintain preparedness for possible introduction of the virus.

Technical Abstract: This is the first report of two near-complete genomes of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) serotype O viruses from Kenya. The viruses were isolated from bovine epithelium collected in 2014 or 2016 from local FMD outbreaks. These full genome sequences are essential for FMDV sequence analyses.