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ARS Home » Plains Area » Houston, Texas » Children's Nutrition Research Center » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #362627

Research Project: Molecular, Cellular, and Regulatory Aspects of Nutrition During Development

Location: Children's Nutrition Research Center

Title: Plant-based sterols and stanols in health & disease: Consequences of human development in a plant-based environment?

item PLAT, J - Maastricht University
item BAUMGARTNER, S - Maastricht University
item VANMIERLO, T - University Of Hasselt
item LUTJOHANN, D - University Of Bonn
item CALKINS, KL - University Of California
item Burrin, Douglas - Doug
item GUTHRIE, G - Baylor College Of Medicine
item THIJS, C - Maastricht University
item TE VELDE, AA - Amsterdam University College
item VREUDENHIL, ACE - Maastricht University
item SVERDLOV, R - Maastricht University
item GARSSEN, J - Utrecht University
item WOUTERS, K - Maastricht University
item TRAUTWEIN, EA - Unilever
item WOLFS, TG - Maastricht University
item VAN GORP, C - Maastricht University
item MULDER, MT - Erasmus University
item RIKSEN, NP - Radboud University
item GROEN, AK - Amsterdam University College
item MENSINK, RP - Maastricht University

Submitted to: Progress in Lipid Research
Publication Type: Review Article
Publication Acceptance Date: 2/25/2019
Publication Date: 2/25/2019
Citation: Plat, J., Baumgartner, S., Vanmierlo, T., Lutjohann, D., Calkins, K.L., Burrin, D.G., Guthrie, G., Thijs, C., Te Velde, A.A., Vreudenhil, A.C.E., Sverdlov, R., Garssen, J., Wouters, K., Trautwein, E.A., Wolfs, T.G., van Gorp, C., Mulder, M.T., Riksen, N.P., Groen, A.K., Mensink, R.P. 2019. Plant-based sterols and stanols in health & disease: Consequences of human development in a plant-based environment? Progress in Lipid Research. 74:87-102.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Dietary plant sterols and stanols as present in our diet and in functional foods are well-known for their inhibitory effects on intestinal cholesterol absorption, which translates into lower low-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations. However, emerging evidence suggests that plant sterols and stanols have numerous additional health effects, which are largely unnoticed in the current scientific literature. Therefore, in this review we pose the intriguing question "What would have occurred if plant sterols and stanols had been discovered and embraced by disciplines such as immunology, hepatology, pulmonology or gastroenterology before being positioned as cholesterol-lowering molecules?" What would then have been the main benefits and fields of application of plant sterols and stanols today? We here discuss potential effects ranging from its presence and function intrauterine and in breast milk towards a potential role in the development of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), cardiovascular disease (CVD), inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) and allergic asthma. Interestingly, effects clearly depend on the route of entrance as observed in intestinal-failure associated liver disease (IFALD) during parenteral nutrition regimens. It is only until recently that effects beyond lowering of cholesterol concentrations are being explored systematically. Thus, there is a clear need to understand the full health effects of plant sterols and stanols.