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ARS Home » Plains Area » Lubbock, Texas » Cropping Systems Research Laboratory » Plant Stress and Germplasm Development Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #360061

Research Project: Development of Economically Important Row Crops that Improve the Resilience of U.S. Agricultural Production to Present and Future Production Challenges

Location: Plant Stress and Germplasm Development Research

Title: Dissecting the disease mechanism of Fusarium oxysporum F. sp. vasinfectum race 4 (FOV4) in cotton

item SHAN, LIBO - Texas A&M University
item LIU, ZUNYONG - Texas A&M University
item JAMLESON, PIERCE - Texas A&M University
item WHEELER, TERRY - Texas A&M Agrilife
item WOODWARD, JASON - Texas Tech University
item DEVER, JANE - Texas A&M Agrilife
item HAGUE, STEVE - Texas A&M University
item Ulloa, Mauricio
item HE, PING - Texas A&M University

Submitted to: National Cotton Council Beltwide Cotton Conference
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 1/25/2018
Publication Date: 5/15/2019
Citation: Shan, L., Liu, Z., Jamleson, P., Wheeler, T.A., Woodward, J., Dever, J.K., Hague, S., Ulloa, M., He, P. 2019. Dissecting the disease mechanism of Fusarium oxysporum F. sp. vasinfectum race 4 (FOV4) in cotton. National Cotton Council Beltwide Cotton Conference. p. 718.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Fusarium wilt disease of cotton (Gossypium spp.), caused by soil-borne fungal pathogen Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum (Fov), has been a continuing problem causing cotton losses worldwide. This pathogen is particularly difficult to control in cotton as the hyphae reside in the woody vascular tissues and is thus protected from fungicides with overwintering structures that can survive in soils forever. Fov race 4 (Fov4), identified in the U.S. in 2003, was known to be distributed only in California previously, but was identified in Texas in 2017. Resistance to Fov4 was originally identified in commercial Pima cotton (G. barbadense L.), ‘Phytogen 800’, and originated-pool germplasm, ‘Pima S-6’. However, so far, resistance in upland cotton (G. hirsutum L.) has not been identified and commercial varieties are not available. Thus, there is a critical need to further understand the disease mechanism and cotton response to Fov4 and develop upland cotton germplasm and cultivars with resistance to Fov4. To assist the strategic development of effective disease controls, we have performed the live-cell imaging analysis to monitor the fungal attachment, penetration and colonization in the cotton vascular bundles through the course of infection period using green fluorescent protein (GFP)-tagged Texas Fov4 strains in cottons. In addition, we are establishing platforms for the whole genome-sequencing of Fov field isolates by Oxford Nanopore MinION portable sequencing devices to reveal the genetic diversity. The recent progresses on these perspectives will be presented during the meeting.