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ARS Home » Northeast Area » Ithaca, New York » Robert W. Holley Center for Agriculture & Health » Plant, Soil and Nutrition Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #358219

Research Project: Improving Crop Efficiency Using Genomic Diversity and Computational Modeling

Location: Plant, Soil and Nutrition Research

Title: Ethylene signaling regulates natural variation in the abundance of antifungal acetylated diferuloylsucroses and Fusarium graminearum resistance in maize seedling roots

Author
item Zhou, Shaoqun - CORNELL UNIVERSITY - NEW YORK
item Zhang, Ying - UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
item Kremling, Karl - CORNELL UNIVERSITY - NEW YORK
item Ding, Yezhang - UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
item Bennett, John - TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY
item Bae, Justin - BOYCE THOMPSON INSTITUTE
item Kim, Dean - BOYCE THOMPSON INSTITUTE
item Kolomiets, Michael - TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY
item Schmelz, Eric - UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
item Schroeder, Frank - BOYCE THOMPSON INSTITUTE
item Buckler, Edward - Ed
item Jander, Georg - BOYCE THOMPSON INSTITUTE

Submitted to: New Phytologist
Publication Type: Review Article
Publication Acceptance Date: 9/26/2018
Publication Date: 10/5/2018
Citation: Zhou, S., Zhang, Y., Kremling, K., Ding, Y., Bennett, J., Bae, J., Kim, D., Kolomiets, M., Schmelz, E., Schroeder, F., Buckler Iv, E.S., Jander, G. 2018. Ethylene signaling regulates natural variation in the abundance of antifungal acetylated diferuloylsucroses and Fusarium graminearum resistance in maize seedling roots. New Phytologist. 221(4):2096-2111. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.15520.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.15520

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: The production and regulation of defensive specialized metabolites plays a central role in pathogen resistance in maize (Zea mays) and other plants. Therefore, identification of genes involved in plant specialized metabolism can contribute to improved disease resistance. We used comparative metabolomics to identify previously unknown antifungal metabolites in maize seedling roots, and investigated the genetic and physiological mechanisms underlying their natural variation using quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping and comparative transcriptomics approaches. Two maize metabolites, smilaside A (3,6-diferuloyl-3',6'-diacetylsucrose) and smiglaside C (3,6-diferuloyl-2',3',6'-triacetylsucrose), that may contribute to maize resistance against Fusarium graminearum and other fungal pathogens were identified. Elevated expression of an ethylene receptor gene, ETHYLENE INSENSITIVE 2 (ZmEIN2), co-segregated with decreased smilaside A/smiglaside C ratio. Pharmacological and genetic manipulation of ethylene availability and sensitivity in vivo indicated that, whereas ethylene was required for the production of both metabolites, the smilaside A/smiglaside C ratio was negatively regulated by ethylene sensitivity. This ratio, rather than the absolute abundance of these two metabolites, was important for maize seedling root defense against F. graminearum. Ethylene signaling regulates the relative abundance of the two F. graminearum-resistance-related metabolites and affects resistance against F. graminearum in maize seedling roots.