Location: Adaptive Cropping Systems LaboratoryTitle: Climate change, carbon dioxide and pest biology; Managing the future
|BRADLEY, BETHANY - University Of Massachusetts|
|WALLACE, REBEKAH - University Of Georgia|
|BARGERON, CHARLES - University Of Georgia|
|LAFOREST, JOSEPH - University Of Georgia|
|CHOUDHURY, ROBIN - University Of Florida|
|GARRETT, KAREN - University Of Florida|
Submitted to: Agronomy Journal
Publication Type: Review Article
Publication Acceptance Date: 8/14/2018
Publication Date: 8/17/2018
Citation: Ziska, L.H., Bradley, B.A., Wallace, R.D., Bargeron, C.T., Laforest, J.H., Choudhury, R.A., Garrett, K.A., Vega, F.E. 2018. Climate change, carbon dioxide and pest biology; Managing the future. Agronomy Journal. 8:152.
Technical Abstract: The challenge of maintaining sufficient food, feed, fiber, and forests for a projected end of century population of between 9-10 billion, in the context of a climate averaging 2-4oC warmer, is a global imperative. However, climate change is likely to alter the geographic ranges and impacts for a variety of insect pests, plant pathogens, and weeds, and the consequences for managed systems, particularly agriculture, remains uncertain. That uncertainty is related, in part, to whether pest management practices (e.g., biological, chemical, cultural, etc.) can adapt to climate/[CO2] induced changes in pest biology and minimize potential loss. The ongoing and projected changes in CO2, environment, managed plant systems, and pest interactions necessitates an assessment of current management practices and, if warranted, development of viable alternative strategies to counter damage from invasive alien species, and evolving native pest populations. We provide an overview of the interactions regarding pest biology and climate/[CO2]; assess these interactions currently using coffee as a case study; identify the potential vulnerabilities regarding future pest impacts, and discuss possible adaptive strategies, including Early Detection and Rapid Response via EDDMapS, and Integrated Pest Management (IPM), as adaptive means to improve monitoring pest movement and minimize biotic losses while improving the efficacy of pest management.