|RAABIS, SARAH - University Of Wisconsin|
|CERSOSIMO, LAURA - Oak Ridge Institute For Science And Education (ORISE)|
Submitted to: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
Publication Type: Literature Review
Publication Acceptance Date: 1/6/2019
Publication Date: N/A
Interpretive Summary: Gut microbial colonization and establishment are vital to ruminant health and production. This review article focuses on current knowledge and methods used to understand and manipulate the gut microbial community in ruminant animals. Since a lot of work in this area is done in humans and mice, this review article also includes up-to-date knowledge from relevant studies in human and mouse models. Furthermore, this review suggests a few future perspectives in the research of probiotic treatment in ruminant immune response and health. This review provides a useful resource for scientists working in the areas of ruminant nutrition and health, and to the larger community interested in microbial ecology and its relation to animal health.
Technical Abstract: This review article focuses on the effects and immune response of probiotic treatment in ruminant animals. It covers several topics, including gut microbial colonization and establishment, current probiotic treatment in ruminants, methods to manipulate gut microbiota and associated antimicrobial compounds, and current understanding of host immune response to probiotic treatments.