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ARS Home » Pacific West Area » Hilo, Hawaii » Daniel K. Inouye U.S. Pacific Basin Agricultural Research Center » Tropical Plant Genetic Resources and Disease Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #353785

Research Project: Molecular Resources for the Improvement of Tropical Ornamental and Fruit Crops

Location: Tropical Plant Genetic Resources and Disease Research

Title: Plant-parasitic nematodes in Hawaiian agriculture

item SIPES, BRENT - University Of Hawaii
item Myers, Roxana

Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 6/12/2018
Publication Date: 12/1/2018
Citation: Sipes B., Myers R. 2018. Plant parasitic nematodes in Hawaiian agriculture. In: Subbotin, S., Chitambar, J., editors. Plant Parasitic Nematodes in Sustainable Agriculture of North America. Sustainability in Plant and Crop Protection. Cham, Switzerland: Springer Nature. p. 193-209.

Interpretive Summary: Book Chapter

Technical Abstract: Hawaii’s diverse and mild climate allows for the cultivation of many crops. The introduction of each crop plant brought along its associated nematode pests. These plant-parasitic nematodes became established and are now endemic to the islands. Plantation agriculture determined the major nematode problems and the approach to nematode control. Large scale production of sugarcane and pineapple meant root-knot, reniform, and burrowing nematodes were the most widely studied plant-parasitic nematodes in the State. When the switch to diversified agriculture occurred, these nematodes persisted in the soil and continued causing yield losses to ornamentals, vegetable, and fruit crops. Burrowing and reniform nematodes have also negatively affected the export market since they are subjected to quarantine restrictions in some U.S. states and foreign countries. Control methods which historically have been chemical nematicides have moved towards more sustainable approaches such as crop rotation, tolerant rootstocks, resistant varieties, and hot water treatment of planting material.