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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Columbia, Missouri » Cropping Systems and Water Quality Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #353297

Research Project: Improving Irrigation Management and Water Quality for Humid and Sub-humid Climates

Location: Cropping Systems and Water Quality Research

Title: Variety effects on cotton yield monitor calibration

Author
item Vories, Earl - Earl
item Jones, Andrea - University Of Missouri
item Stevens, Gene - University Of Missouri
item Meeks, Calvin - University Of Missouri

Submitted to: International Conference on Precision Agriculture Abstracts & Proceedings
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/14/2018
Publication Date: 6/25/2018
Citation: Vories, E.D., Jones, A., Stevens, G., Meeks, C. 2018. Variety effects on cotton yield monitor calibration. In Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Precision Agriculture, June 24-27, 2018, Montreal, Canada. Paper No. 5138. Available: https://www.ispag.org/proceedings/?action=abstract&id=5138.

Interpretive Summary: While modern grain yield monitors are able to harvest variety and hybrid trials without imposing bias, cotton yield monitors are affected by varietal properties. With planters capable of site-specific planting of multiple varieties, it is essential to better understand cotton yield monitor calibration. ARS and University of Missouri scientists at Portageville, together with two southeast Missouri cotton producers, compared yield monitor-estimated weights and observed weights in on-farm variety trials. Consistent with earlier studies, the calibration error varied among the varieties in the study and some fiber quality properties were correlated with the error. Data from additional studies will be analyzed and other factors will be investigated to try and achieve a better understanding of the factors affecting cotton yield monitor calibration. These findings will help US cotton producers remain competitive while improving their ability to efficiently manage their crop.

Technical Abstract: While modern grain yield monitors are able to harvest variety and hybrid trials without imposing bias, cotton yield monitors are affected by varietal properties. With planters capable of site-specific planting of multiple varieties, it is essential to better understand cotton yield monitor calibration. Large-plot field experiments were conducted with two southeast Missouri cotton producers to compare yield monitor-estimated weights and observed weights in replicated variety trials. Two replications of multiple varieties were planted in 12-row plots with 0.97 m row spacing. Plots were harvested with a module-building spindle picker equipped with a yield monitor. A separate module was built for each plot and weighed. Yield monitor data were used to calculate an estimated weight for each module. Significant differences in seed cotton yields were detected between the observed (weighed modules) and estimated (yield monitor) values. In addition to a significant variety main effect, a significant location by variety interaction was present in the error, both in terms of yield (absolute) and as a percentage of the observed yield (relative). Some HVI properties were significantly correlated with the absolute and relative error. Data from additional site-years will be analyzed and other factors will be investigated to try and achieve a better understanding of the factors affecting cotton yield monitor calibration.