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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Fort Pierce, Florida » U.S. Horticultural Research Laboratory » Subtropical Insects and Horticulture Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #352076

Research Project: Genetic Improvement of Citrus for Enhanced Resistance to Biotic and Abiotic Stresses

Location: Subtropical Insects and Horticulture Research

Title: Assessment of tolerance to huanglongbing in citrus scion genotypes

Author
item Stover, Eddie
item Driggers, Randall
item Shi, Qingchun
item Baldwin, Elizabeth - Liz
item Bai, Jinhe
item Hall, David
item ROOSE, M - University Of California
item RAMADUGU, C - University Of California
item GMITTER, F - University Of Florida
item YU, Q - University Of Florida
item HUANG, M - University Of Florida

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 4/15/2018
Publication Date: 7/1/2018
Citation: Stover, E.W., Driggers, R.E., Shi, Q., Baldwin, E.A., Bai, J., Hall, D.G., Roose, M., Ramadugu, C., Gmitter, F., Yu, Q., Huang, M. 2018. Assessment of tolerance to huanglongbing in citrus scion genotypes[abstract], Horticultural Science Annual Conference, July 30-August 3, 2018, Washington, DC.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: The disease huanglongbing (HLB) continues to devastate the Florida citrus industry, has become widespread in Texas, and infected tree discovery is accelerating in California dooryard citrus. While highly resistant or even immune trees are the long-term sustainable solution, HLB-tolerant planting material will likely be crucial in the near term. In Florida, where ubiquitous infection provides ample disease exposure, some mandarin hybrid cultivars display potentially useful tolerance. At the USDA/ARS Ft. Pierce, Florida farm, there are several replicated trials of cultivars and advanced selections exposed to endemic HLB that are providing further insights into potential tolerance. In a trial that is in its fifth year in the field, accessions in the least diseased statistical categories include some with predominately mandarin pedigree, one that is predominately pummelo and several with Poncirus in their pedigrees. The susceptible sweet orange ‘Valencia’ remains in the best categories for all traits except that its growth rate declined markedly in the last year. Many of the cultivars and selections displaying tolerance include ‘Clementine’ in their pedigree. A large trial of diverse ‘Clementine’-derived material is being phenotyped and genotyped to identify markers associated with HLB-tolerance in a collaboration between University of California Riverside, USDA/ARS and the University of Florida, and statistical separation is now apparent for HLB-tolerance parameters after 2.5 years. A large trial of diverse Poncirus hybrids focusing primarily on citranges (sweet orange x Poncirus), another collaboration but led by University of Florida, has been in the field for 6.5 years and may also provide markers for HLB-tolerance, as might an adjoining trial of Poncirus and its hybrids, led by University of California Riverside. Verification that HLB-tolerance in growth parameters translates into economic-tolerance through adequate crops of high quality fruit with require several additional years of trial data. A new collaborative National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) grant will capitalize on these plantings and explore juice quality parameters of HLB-tolerant accessions. Single replacement cultivars or complementary cultivars in blends may provide a solution to inadequate supplies of sweet orange and grapefruit juice in Florida.