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ARS Home » Pacific West Area » Parlier, California » San Joaquin Valley Agricultural Sciences Center » Crop Diseases, Pests and Genetics Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #351646

Research Project: Identification of Novel Management Strategies for Key Pests and Pathogens of Grapevine with Emphasis on the Xylella Fastidiosa Pathosystem

Location: Crop Diseases, Pests and Genetics Research

Title: A zinc, copper and citric acid biocomplex shows promise for control of Xylella fastidiosa subsp. pauca in olive trees in Apulia region (southern Italy)

Author
item Scortichini, M - Consiglio Per La Ricerca In Agricoltura E L'Analisi Dell'economia Agraria, Unita Di Ricerca Per I S
item Chen, Jianchi
item De Caroli, M - Universita Del Salento
item Dalessandro, G - Universita Del Salento
item Pucci, N - Consiglio Per La Ricerca In Agricoltura E L'Analisi Dell'economia Agraria, Unita Di Ricerca Per I S
item L'aurora, A - Consiglio Per La Ricerca In Agricoltura E L'Analisi Dell'economia Agraria, Unita Di Ricerca Per I S
item Petriccione, M - Consiglio Per La Ricerca In Agricoltura E L'Analisi Dell'economia Agraria, Unita Di Ricerca Per I S
item Zampella, L - Consiglio Per La Ricerca In Agricoltura E L'Analisi Dell'economia Agraria, Unita Di Ricerca Per I S
item Mastrobuoni, F - Consiglio Per La Ricerca In Agricoltura E L'Analisi Dell'economia Agraria, Unita Di Ricerca Per I S
item Migoni, D - Universita Del Salento
item Del Coco, L - Universita Del Salento
item Girelli, C.r - Universita Del Salento
item Piacente, F - Agribiotech
item Cristella, N - Studio Terranostra
item Marangi, P - Studio Terranostra
item Laddomada, F - Volare Alto Srls
item Di Cesare, M - Volare Alto Srls
item Cesari, G - Nepri Srl
item Fanizzi, F.p - Universita Del Salento
item Loreti, S - Consiglio Per La Ricerca In Agricoltura E L'Analisi Dell'economia Agraria, Unita Di Ricerca Per I S

Submitted to: Phytopathologia Mediterranea
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 2/9/2018
Publication Date: 4/10/2018
Citation: Scortichini, M., Chen, J., De Caroli, M., Dalessandro, G., Pucci, N., L'Aurora, A., Petriccione, M., Zampella, L., Mastrobuoni, F., Migoni, D., Del Coco, L., Girelli, C., Piacente, F., Cristella, N., Marangi, P., Laddomada, F., Di Cesare, M., Cesari, G., Fanizzi, F., Loreti, S. 2018. A zinc, copper and citric acid biocomplex shows promise for control of Xylella fastidiosa subsp. pauca in olive trees in Apulia region (southern Italy). Phytopathologia Mediterranea. 57(1):48-72.

Interpretive Summary: The bacterium Xylella fastidiosa subsp. pauca is associated with olive quick decline syndrome (OQDS) in southern Italy. To search for a method to control the disease, a compound containing zinc and copper complexed with citric-acid hydracids (Dentamet®) was evaluated for bactericidal activity and movement inside plants. A 3-year field trial of integrated management including regular pruning and soil harrowing with spring and summer spray treatments with Dentamet was carried out. The results showed reduction of symptom severity, suggesting these treatments may be beneficial.

Technical Abstract: The bacterium Xylella fastidiosa subsp. pauca is associated with the “olive quick decline syndrome” in the Apulia region of southern Italy. To investigate control of this phytopathogen, a compound containing zinc and copper complexed with citric-acid hydracids (Dentamet®) was evaluated for in vitro and in planta bactericidal activity. Confocal laser scanning microscopy, fluorescent quantification, and atomic emission spectroscopy were then used to determine if the compound reached the xylem networks of leaves, twigs, and branches of olive to release zinc and copper within the xylem. A 3-year field trial in an olive orchard containing mature Cellina di Nardò and Ogliarola salentina olive trees, and officially declared infected by X. fastidiosa subsp. pauca, was also carried out to determine if the compound affected severity of the disease. Each year, from early April to October (excluding July and August), six spray treatments of 0.5% (v:v) Dentamet® were applied on the olive tree crowns. The compound reduced severity of symptoms in both cultivars. Most untreated trees died by the end of the trial, whereas all treated trees survived with good vegetative status as assessed by a normalized difference vegetation index. Quantitative real-time PCR was performed from June 2016 to September 2017, following the official procedures established by the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. The analysis revealed a statistically significant reduction of X. fastidiosa cell densities within the leaves of treated trees. These promising results suggest that integrated management to reduce severity of X. fastidiosa that includes regular pruning and soil harrowing with spring and summer spray treatments with Dentamet®, is likely to effectively control the disease.