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ARS Home » Southeast Area » New Orleans, Louisiana » Southern Regional Research Center » Cotton Chemistry and Utilization Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #350124

Research Project: Chemical Modification of Cotton for Value Added Applications

Location: Cotton Chemistry and Utilization Research

Title: Textile materials and structures for topical management of wounds

Author
item GUPTA, B.S. - NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY
item Edwards, Judson - Vince

Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 4/20/2018
Publication Date: 1/1/2019
Citation: Gupta, B., Edwards, J.V. 2019. Textile materials and structure for topical management of wounds. In: Rajendran, S., editor. Advanced Textiles for Wound Care. Cambridge, MA:Woodhead Publishing. 55-104. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-102192-7.00003-5.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-102192-7.00003-5

Interpretive Summary: A thorough understanding of the healing mechanism and dressing requirements for different types of wound repair is necessary before optimum products based on textiles could be engineered. In this chapter, first a general overview of the wounds and their healing, and of the available dressings and bandages, is presented. This is followed by a detailed discussion of the polymer and fiber materials of which the dressings are composed and of the textile processes that are used in forming the wound care products. Wound repair may be simple and inconsequential and performed by the patient itself or it may be complex enough to warrant surgery and hospitalization. An effective treatment requires a thorough understanding of the wound types and the healing mechanisms, and the knowledge of the interventions that are available and would ideally assist in the repair process. A summary of the different types of materials used in dressings for acute, hemorrhaging and chronic wounds is reviewed.

Technical Abstract: A thorough understanding of the healing mechanism and dressing requirements for different types of wound repair is necessary before optimum products based on textiles could be engineered. In this chapter, first a general overview of the wounds and their healing, and of the available dressings and bandages, is presented. This is followed by a detailed discussion of the polymer and fiber materials of which the dressings are composed and of the textile processes that are used in forming the wound care products.