|AHMAD, ALI - Fujian Agricultural & Forestry University|
|WANG, JIN-DA - Fujian Agricultural & Forestry University|
|SHARIF, RAHAT - Northwest Agriculture And Forestry University|
|GAO, SAN-JI - Fujian Agricultural & Forestry University|
Submitted to: Agronomy
Publication Type: Review Article
Publication Acceptance Date: 11/7/2018
Publication Date: 11/12/2018
Citation: Ahmad, A., Wang, J., Pan, Y., Sharif, R., Gao, S. 2018. Development and use of simple sequence repeats (SSR) markers for sugarcane breeding and genetic studies. Agronomy. 8(11):260. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy8110260.
Technical Abstract: Molecular markers were developed in the past two decades and are becoming powerful tools used with applications in crop genetics and improvement. Simple sequence repeats (SSRs) or microsatellites are the prominent markers of choice for fingerprinting, conservation genetics, plant breeding and phylogenetic studies, because of their co-dominant, hyper-variable and multi-allelic nature. This review describes the development of SSRs markers through different techniques and applications on sugarcane genetic research and breeding, such as: cultivar identification, genetic diversity and phylogenetic relationships, genome mapping, quantitative trait loci (QTL) analysis, paternity analysis, cross-species transferability, segregation analysis, and identification of wild cross hybrid. Lastly, we also discuss the advantages and disadvantages of SSR markers and highlight some future perspectives.