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ARS Home » Plains Area » Lubbock, Texas » Cropping Systems Research Laboratory » Cotton Production and Processing Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #350014

Research Project: Enhancing the Profitability and Sustainability of Upland Cotton, Cottonseed, and Agricultural Byproducts through Improvements in Pre- and Post-Harvest Processing

Location: Cotton Production and Processing Research

Title: Evaluation of mechanical cotton seed delinter for breeders

Author
item Arce, Joel - Texas A&M Agrilife
item Dever, Jane - Texas A&M Agrilife
item Wheeler, Terry - Texas A&M Agrilife
item Holt, Gregory
item Hague, Steve - Texas A&M University

Submitted to: National Cotton Council Beltwide Cotton Conference
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 1/3/2018
Publication Date: 5/31/2018
Citation: Arce, J., Dever, J., Wheeler, T., Holt, G.A., Hague, S. 2018. Evaluation of mechanical cotton seed delinter for breeders. National Cotton Council Beltwide Cotton Conference. CD ROM.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Delinting seed is common practice in cotton breeding programs. The predominant method of delinting cotton seed is acid delinting. Acid delinting can be dangerous and effluent disposal is difficult and costly. Current research on mechanical delinting proposes an alternative to acid delinting. A prototype developed by USDA-ARS Cotton Production and Processing Research Unit in Lubbock, TX is being tested to explore the potential advantages and disadvantages of using a mechanical delinter for small breeder samples. Variables evaluated include seed carryover, cantilever brush configuration, efficiency, and incidence of seed-borne disease. Overall design, logistics, and practicality of the machine are also being evaluated. Results show the mechanical delinter can be a valuable tool for breeders due to ease of use, safety, effluent reduction and potential linter value. Seed carryover issue needs to be addressed in future designs for practical application in breeding programs.