|KHAN, MAHFUZZA - Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission|
|LEBLANC, LUC - University Of Hawaii|
|BARI, M - Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission|
Submitted to: Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 9/18/2015
Publication Date: 11/20/2015
Citation: Khan, M., Leblanc, L., Bari, M.A., Vargas, R.I. 2015. First record of the fruit fly Bactrocera (Bactrocera) nigrofemoralis White & Tsuruta(Diptera: Tephritidae) in Bangladesh. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. 3(5):387-389.
Interpretive Summary: The fruit fly genus Bactrocera (Tephritidae) includes more than 440 described species in the Old World tropics and includes many severe pests. Every year a variety of species are captured in California and often caused expensive quarantines. In an effort to learn more about the species present in Bangladesh, their population dynamics, and invasion potential, an ARS scientist in Hilo and a University of Hawaii scientist in Honolulu trained scientists at the Atomic Energy Research Establishment (AERE) Campus near Dahka, Bangladesh in fruit fly monitoring techniques and provided them with trapping supplies. Scientists used essential orange oil and various lures to capture the most abundant species throughout the area. Flies captured were identified and population dynamics patterns studied. This information is important to the United States to determine invasion pathways of Bactrocera species being captured.
Technical Abstract: The presence of the fruit fly Bactrocera (Bactrocera) nigrofemoralis White & Tsuruta was recorded in Bangladesh for the first time. B.nigrofemoralis was captured in traps baited with sweet orange oil and cue-lure at the Atomic Energy Research Establishment campus, Ganak bari, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh in March 2015. The fruit fly species was distinguished from similar-looking Bactrocera nigrifacia Zhang, Ji & Chen by the presence of the short and narrow lateral post suttural vittae and the very narrow infuscation on the wing costal band. The abundance of the newly recorded fly was also estimated. In total, 153 B.nigrofemoralis were collected from different areas of the campus. The experimental results indicated the potential of essential oil and lures to detect unknown Tephritid fruit flies.