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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Bowling Green, Kentucky » Food Animal Environmental Systems Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #348713

Research Project: Developing Safe, Efficient and Environmentally Sound Management Practices for the Use of Animal Manure

Location: Food Animal Environmental Systems Research

Title: Plant extracts mediated syntheses of silver nanoparticles and their effectiveness on agricultural pathogens

Author
item Lovanh, Nanh
item Agga, Getahun
item Oh, Byung-taek - Chonbuk National University
item Lee, Sewon - Chonbuk National University
item Gao, Hongyan - Western Kentucky University
item Cao, Yan - Western Kentucky University

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/1/2018
Publication Date: 5/13/2018
Citation: Lovanh, N.C., Agga, G.E., Oh, B., Lee, S., Gao, H., Cao, Y. 2018. Plant extracts mediated syntheses of silver nanoparticles and their effectiveness on agricultural pathogens. Meeting Abstract. Paper No. 365.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: The high demand for protein consumption in the ever-increasing population has put great pressure on food animal and crop production systems. To increase profit margin along with productivity, the utilization of antibiotics to promote animal growth and reduce mortality has contributed to the emergence of resistant bacteria that may affect humans as well as the animals themselves. Thus it is necessary to find a simple and economical way to counter or reduce the proliferation of these antibiotic resistant bacteria. Nanoparticles with antimicrobial properties hold a great promise in this arena. This study utilized silver nanoparticles synthesized from bitter melon (Momordica charantia) and sugar cane (Saccharum officinarum) extracts to test against common agricultural pathogens (e.g., fungi and Escherichia coli). The synthesized nanoparticles were characterized and confirmed as silver nanoparticles by using the UV spectroscopy, FTIR, and SEM analysis. The results show that these silver nanoparticles are effective against agricultural fungi and pathogens such as Phytophthora capsici, Colletotrichum acutatum, Cladosporium fulvum, and Escherichia coli.