|CHEN, LI-HSUAN - Council Of Agriculture|
|LEE, DONG-HUN - Orise Fellow|
|LIU, YU-PIN - Council Of Agriculture|
|LI, WAN-CHEN - Council Of Agriculture|
|CHANG, JEN-CHIEH - Council Of Agriculture|
|CHEN, YEN-PING - Council Of Agriculture|
|LEE, FAN - Council Of Agriculture|
|TU, WEN-JANE - Council Of Agriculture|
|LIN, YU-JU - Council Of Agriculture|
Submitted to: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/13/2018
Publication Date: 5/4/2018
Citation: Chen, L., Lee, D., Liu, Y., Li, W., Swayne, D.E., Chang, J., Chen, Y., Lee, F., Tu, W., Lin, Y. 2018. Reassortant clade 126.96.36.199 of highly pathogenic avian influenza A (H5N6) virus, Taiwan, 2017. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 24(6):1147-1149. https://doi.org/10.3201/eid2406.172071.
Interpretive Summary: Since 1996, a Chinese-origin high pathogenicity avian influenza viruses (HPAIV) have caused deadly outbreaks in wild birds and poultry in Asia, Europe, Africa, and North America. A specific H5N6 HPAIV was detected in a domestic duck found dead in Taiwan, in February 2017. Genetic analyses suggest that the virus belongs to specific subgroup of viruses previously identified in China, Korea, and Japan during 2016-2017. The presence of this virus in Taiwan is of concern for further mixing with other avian influenza viruses and starting the fifth wave of intercontinental spread.
Technical Abstract: A highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N6) virus of clade 188.8.131.52 was detected in a domestic duck found dead in Taiwan during February 2017. The endemic situation and continued evolution of various reassortant highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses in Taiwan warrant concern about further reassortment and a fifth wave of intercontinental spread.