Skip to main content
ARS Home » Pacific West Area » Parlier, California » San Joaquin Valley Agricultural Sciences Center » Crop Diseases, Pests and Genetics Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #348606

Research Project: Identification of Novel Management Strategies for Key Pests and Pathogens of Grapevine with Emphasis on the Xylella Fastidiosa Pathosystem

Location: Crop Diseases, Pests and Genetics Research

Title: Mating vibrational signal transmission through and between plants of an agricultural pest, the Glassy-Winged Sharpshooter

Author
item Gordon, Shira
item Tiller, Benjamin - University Of Strathclyde
item Windmill, James - University Of Strathclyde
item Narins, Peter - University Of California
item Krugner, Rodrigo

Submitted to: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 1/18/2018
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: The agricultural pest, glassy-winged sharpshooter (GWSS), Homalodisca vitripennis, relies primarily on successful vibrational communication across its home plant. Males and females engage in a vibrational duet to identify correct species, attractiveness of mate, and location on the plant. The signal produced by these animals has a dominant frequency component between 80-120 Hz, with harmonics spaced approximately 100 Hz apart. However, the analysis revealed that not all harmonics are present in every recorded signal. Therefore the aims were to understand how the GWSS vibrational communication signal changes over distance on the plant. First, with increasing distance fewer high frequency harmonics are present. Second, at distances of only 50 cm there is a difference in the latency of signal arrival based on the frequency, with higher frequencies arriving sooner. Finally, the animal appears to generate no airborne signal component, yet, the low frequencies are clearly detectable in neighboring plants by the signal “jumping” from leaf-to-air-to-leaf. Together, these results highlight the complexity of vibration transmission in plants and the possibility of alteration and disruption of the GWSS signal.