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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Peoria, Illinois » National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research » Bio-oils Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #347115

Research Project: Value-added Bio-oil Products and Processes

Location: Bio-oils Research

Title: Triacylglycerol-based fuels: An evaluation

Author
item Knothe, Gerhard - Gary

Submitted to: American Chemical Society National Meeting
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/18/2018
Publication Date: 3/18/2018
Citation: Knothe, G.H. 2018. Triacylglycerol-based fuels: An evaluation [abstract]. American Chemical Society National Meeting, March 18-22, 2018, New Orleans, LA. Paper No. ANYL 265.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: A variety of feedstocks exist and several processes have been developed to produce alternative diesel fuels from triacylglycerol-based materials, such as plant and algal oils as well as animal fats and used cooking oils. Biodiesel is obtained by transesterifying a triacylglycerol feedstock with an alcohol, usually methanol, to give the corresponding alkyl esters with glycerol as a co-product. A fuel best termed renewable diesel is derived by a hydro-deoxygenation reaction to give a fuel consisting largely of alkanes as they are found in petroleum-based diesel fuel. A third approach is decarboxylation of fatty acids to give a mixture of alkene isomers. Production, composition and properties of the three fuels are evaluated including consideration of the effect of different feedstocks on these aspects.