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Research Project: Childhood Obesity Prevention

Location: Children's Nutrition Research Center

Title: Item response modeling: A psychometric assessment of the children's fruit, vegetable, water, and physical activity self-efficacy scales among Chinese children

Author
item Wang, Jing - Hong Kong Baptist University
item Chen, Tzu - Children'S Nutrition Research Center (CNRC)
item Baranowski, Tom - Children'S Nutrition Research Center (CNRC)
item Lau, Patrick - Hong Kong Baptist University

Submitted to: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 9/10/2017
Publication Date: 9/16/2017
Citation: Wang, J.J., Chen, T.A., Baranowski, T., Lau, P.W. 2017. Item response modeling: A psychometric assessment of the children's fruit, vegetable, water, and physical activity self-efficacy scales among Chinese children. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 14:126.

Interpretive Summary: Most measures of self-efficacy in regard to diet and physical activity among children were developed and validated in English. Measures are needed and need to be validated for use with Chinese speaking populations. This study translated self-efficacy questionnaires from English into Cantonese Chinese; and data were collected among 763 Hong Kong children and analyzed. Indicators of scale reliability were excellent. Some differences were detected in how a small number of modified items varied by sex and body weight status, which will need to be modified before future use of these scales among Chinese children speaking the Cantonese dialect.

Technical Abstract: This study aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of four self-efficacy scales (i.e., self-efficacy for fruit (FSE), vegetable (VSE), and water (WSE) intakes, and physical activity (PASE)) and to investigate their differences in item functioning across sex, age, and body weight status groups using item response modeling (IRM) and differential item functioning (DIF). Four self-efficacy scales were administrated to 763 Hong Kong Chinese children (55.2% boys) aged 8-13 years. Classical test theory (CTT) was used to examine the reliability and factorial validity of scales. IRM was conducted and DIF analyses were performed to assess the characteristics of item parameter estimates on the basis of children's sex, age and body weight status. All self-efficacy scales demonstrated adequate to excellent internal consistency reliability (Cronbach's alpha: 0.79-0.91). One FSE misfit item and one PASE misfit item were detected. Small DIF were found for all the scale items across children's age groups. Items with medium to large DIF were detected in different sex and body weight status groups, which will require modification. A Wright map revealed that items covered the range of the distribution of participants' self-efficacy for each scale except VSE. Several self-efficacy scales' items functioned differently by children's sex and body weight status. Additional research is required to modify the four self-efficacy scales to minimize these moderating influences for application.