|Kumar, Vivek - University Of Florida|
|Kakkar, Garima - University Of Florida|
|Osborne, Lance - University Of Florida|
Submitted to: Arthropod Management Tests
Publication Type: Other
Publication Acceptance Date: 10/25/2017
Publication Date: 12/8/2017
Citation: Kumar, V., Kakkar, G., McKenzie, C.L., Osborne, L.S. 2017. Effect of drench application of flupyradifurone on Bemisia tabaci(MED whitefly) and Amblyseius swirskii, 2017. Arthropod Management Tests. 42:Etsx131.
Interpretive Summary: Bemisia tabaci is a whitefly pest of many vegetable and ornamental plants. We evaluated an insecticide called flupyradifurone and a predaceous mite for whitefly control, and assessed compatibility of the insecticide with the mite. We found that the mite and flupyradifurone can be used alone or in combination for effective whitefly control. These treatments are efficient alternatives to neonicotinoid insecticides frequently used by the growers for whitefly control.
Technical Abstract: Bemisia tabaci is a polyphagous pest known to feed on over 900 plant taxa, and is an effective vector of more than 100 plant damaging viruses. Among different biotypes of this cryptic species complex, Middle East-Asia Minor 1 (MEAM1) and Mediterranean (MED)whitefly are the two most destructive members posing threats of several crops of economic importance. With the overall goal to integrate the predatory mite Amblyseius swirskii in the management program of MED whitefly, the specific objective of this study was to evaluate flupyradifurone, a butenolide insecticide for whitefly control, and assess its compatibility with swirskii mite. The trial was conducted on an ornamental host, salvia under greenhouse conditions. Weekly samplings showed overlapping generations of A. swirskii on host plants throughout the study period indicating drench application of flupyradifurone at the applied rate was compatible with Amblyseius swirskii. No significant difference in Amblyseius swirskii abundance (eggs and motiles) between mite treated and combination plots (Amblyseius swirskii plus flupyradifurone) were reported on any of the sampling weeks. In flupyradifurone treatment, a significantly lower number of whitefly eggs, nymphs and adults compared to the untreated control was recorded on wk 1-6, wk 4-7, and wk 3-6, respectively. Amblyseius swirskii was as effective in reducing whitefly life stages as flupyradifurone treated plots. Overall whitefly mortality in different treatments during seven weeks period, ranged between 79 and 98% for Amblyseius swirskii, 74-89% for flupyradifurone, and 74-100% for combination treatments.