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ARS Home » Plains Area » Lincoln, Nebraska » Wheat, Sorghum and Forage Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #343575

Research Project: Genetic Improvement of Winter Wheat for End-Use Quality and Disease Resistance

Location: Wheat, Sorghum and Forage Research

Title: Wheat streak mosaic virus coat protein is a host-specific long-distance transport determinant in oat

Author
item Tatineni, Satyanarayana - Ts

Submitted to: Virus Research
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 8/27/2017
Publication Date: 11/1/2017
Publication URL: https://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/5823505
Citation: Tatineni, S. 2017. Wheat streak mosaic virus coat protein is a host-specific long-distance transport determinant in oat. Virus Research. 242:37-42. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.virusres.2017.08.014.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.virusres.2017.08.014

Interpretive Summary: Viral determinants involved in extension of host range of monocot-infecting plant viruses are poorly understood. Wheat streak mosaic virus (WSMV), the type species of the genus Tritimovirus of the family Potyviridae, exclusively infects monocotyledonous crops such as wheat, oat, barley, maize, triticale, and rye. In this study, the role of coat protein (CP) in extension of WSMV host range to oat was examined using a series of viable deletion mutants. WSMV bearing deletions within or encompassing all of amino acids 36 to 57 efficiently infected oat, indicating that these amino acids are dispensable for systemic infection of oat. However, WSMV mutants lacking CP amino acids 58 to 84 or 85 to 100 failed to systemically infect oat. Furthermore, green fluorescent protein-tagged WSMV mutants lacking CP amino acids 58 to 100 elicited local foci on oat but failed to enter the vasculature. These data suggest that CP amino acids 58 to 100 are required for interaction with oat factors for extension of WSMV host range by specifically facilitating virus long-distance transport.

Technical Abstract: Viral determinants involved in systemic infection of hosts by monocot-infecting plant viruses are poorly understood. Wheat streak mosaic virus (WSMV, genus Tritimovirus, family Potyviridae) exclusively infects monocotyledonous crops such as wheat, oat, barley, maize, triticale, and rye. Previously, we reported that WSMV CP amino acids 36–84 are expendable for systemic infection of wheat, maize, barley and rye. In this study, the role of coat protein (CP) in systemic infection of oat by WSMV was examined by using a series of viable deletion mutants. WSMV bearing deletions within or encompassing all of amino acids 36–57 efficiently infected oat, indicating that these amino acids are dispensable for systemic infection of oat. However, WSMV mutants lacking CP amino acids 58–84 or 85–100 failed to systemically infect oat. Furthermore, green fluorescent protein-tagged WSMV mutants lacking CP amino acids 58–100 elicited local foci in oat but failed to enter the vasculature. These data suggest that CP amino acids 58–100 are required for systemic infection of oat by WSMV by specifically facilitating virus long-distance transport in oat.