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Title: Taxonomic Proposal: Create sixteen new species in existing genera of the families Alphaflexiviridae and Betaflexiviridae

item KREUZE, JAN - International Potato Center
item ADAMS, MICHAEL - Retired ARS Employee
item CANDRESSE, THIERRY - Institut National De La Recherche Agronomique Du Niger (INRAN)
item Hammond, John
item MENZEL, WULF - Leibniz Institute
item PEARSON, MICHAEL - University Of Auckland
item SALDARELLI, PASQUALE - National Research Council - Italy
item VAIRA, ANNA MARIA - National Research Council - Italy
item YOSHIKAWA, NOBUYUKI - Iwate University

Submitted to: Electronic Publication
Publication Type: Other
Publication Acceptance Date: 9/18/2017
Publication Date: 9/18/2017
Citation: Kreuze, J., Adams, M., Candresse, T., Hammond, J., Menzel, W., Pearson, M., Saldarelli, P., Vaira, A., Yoshikawa, N. 2017. Taxonomic Proposal: Create sixteen new species in existing genera of the families Alphaflexiviridae and Betaflexiviridae. Australasian Plant Disease Notes.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: A transparent and functional system for virus classification is essential to allow scientists to correctly identify and report on viruses detected in different hosts or locations without ambiguity. New research into relationships between previously characterized and newly-emerging viruses may require creation of new families, genera, and species to reflect increased knowledge. Multiple newly reported viruses have been assigned to the appropriate genera based on phylogenetic analysis and other characteristics. The new proposed species are most closely related to species in the genera Potexvirus (four new species; Actinidia virus X, Pitaya virus X, Vanilla virus X, and Yam virus X), Allexivirus (four new species; Blackberry virus E, Arachis pintoi virus, Alfalfa virus S, and Vanilla latent virus), of the family Alphaflexiviridae, but which have characters distinct from currently recognized members of these genera. Additional new species have been reported which are proposed as new species in the genera Carlavirus, (seven new species; Yam latent virus, Sambucus virus C, Sambucus virus D, Sambucus virus E, Atractylodes mottle virus, and Ligustrum virus A) and Foveavirus (one new species; Asian prunus virus 2) of the subfamily Quinvirinae; and one new species (Arracacha virus V) in the genus Vitivirus, subfamily Trivirinae, all of the family Betaflexiviridae. Creation of these new species will aid the maintenance of a transparent and functional viral taxonomy for unambiguous naming of viruses.