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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Columbia, Missouri » Cropping Systems and Water Quality Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #342902

Research Project: Long-term Management of Water Resources in the Central Mississippi River Basin

Location: Cropping Systems and Water Quality Research

Title: Soil apparent electrical conductivity sensor data for estimation of CI-based soil compaction status

Author
item Chung, Sun-ok - Chungnam National University
item Sudduth, Kenneth - Ken

Submitted to: Meeting Proceedings
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: 7/1/2017
Publication Date: 10/16/2017
Citation: Chung, S., Sudduth, K.A. 2017. Soil apparent electrical conductivity sensor data for estimation of CI-based soil compaction status. Meeting Proceedings. Paper No. 185.

Interpretive Summary: Not required. Not first formal report. Same research results previously presented at 2014 ASABE meeting.

Technical Abstract: Regionalization of soil properties is very important for successful site-specific field management. Soil compaction is a critical issue to be detected and managed due to its effects on crop growth. Soil compaction has been conventionally quantified as cone index (CI) measured by an ASABE-standard cone penetrometer, but this approach has limited capability of obtaining the spatially-dense data required for precision agriculture. A significant amount of past research has related CI with apparent soil electrical conductivity (ECa), and recently the potential of ECa to estimate subsoil compaction status through the stress-at-rest-coefficient (K0), defined as the ratio of normal compaction and pre-compaction, was introduced. The objective of this study was to explore the potential of relating K0 with ECa using data obtained from sites with wide ranges of soil texture, bulk density, and water content, properties that significantly affect both CI and ECa. The following data was collected from 35 sites in Missouri and Illinois fields: CI profile up to 75 cm with a 5-cm interval, ECa measured by EM38 and Veris devices, and depth-dependent soil texture, bulk density, and water content. First, K0 values were calculated from CI profiles by depth and related to ECa measurements. Then, effects of the soil properties on the relationships between K0 and ECa were investigated. Results of this study will provide insights on the effects of soil properties on soil compaction, and on the potential to use ECa to estimate the status of soil compaction.