|BARRATT, BARBARA - Ag Research Limited|
|MASON, P - Agriculture And Agri-Food Canada|
|COCK, MATTHEW - Center For Agricultural Bioscience International, Cabi|
|KLAPWIJK, JOHANNETTE - Koppert Bv|
|VAN LENTEREN, JOOP - Wageningen University|
|BRODEUR, JACQUES - Universite De Montreal|
|HEIMPEL, GEORGE - University Of Minnesota|
Submitted to: International Symposium on Biological Control of Arthropods
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: 6/6/2017
Publication Date: 9/11/2017
Citation: Barratt, B.I., Mason, P.G., Cock, M.J., Klapwijk, J., Van Lenteren, J.C., Brodeur, J., Hoelmer, K.A., Heimpel, G.E. 2017. Access and benefit sharing: Best practices for the use and exchange of invertebrate biological control agents. International Symposium on Biological Control of Arthropods. pp. 71-74.
Technical Abstract: The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) acknowledges the sovereign rights that countries have over their ‘genetic resources’. The Nagoya Protocol that came into force in 2014 provides a framework for implementation of and equitable process by which access to, and sharing of benefits between donor and recipient countries can take place. Biological control is an important and environmentally preferred management option for invasive insect pests and weeds. Biological control agents are included as genetic resources. Implementation of new international regulations governing exchange of genetic materials impacts the availability of candidate biocontrol agents, and exchange policies need to be carefully drafted. The International Organization of Biological Control recommendations of Best Practice include: collaborations to encourage information exchange about what agents are available and where they may be obtained; knowledge sharing through freely available databases that document successes (and failures); cooperative research to develop local capacity in less developed source countries; and transfer of production technology to provide opportunities for small-scale economic activity.