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ARS Home » Midwest Area » East Lansing, Michigan » Sugarbeet and Bean Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #342676

Research Project: Genetic Enhancement of Dry Bean Nutritional and Processing Qualities

Location: Sugarbeet and Bean Research

Title: Registration of ‘Red Cedar’ dark red kidney bean

Author
item KELLY, JAMES - Michigan State University
item VARNER, GREG - Michigan Dry Bean Production Research Advisory Board
item CHILVERS, MARTY - Michigan State University
item Cichy, Karen
item WRIGHT, EVAN - Michigan State University

Submitted to: Journal of Plant Registrations
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 8/4/2017
Publication Date: 1/4/2018
Citation: Kelly, J.D., Varner, G., Chilvers, M., Cichy, K.A., Wright, E. 2018. Registration of ‘Red Cedar’ dark red kidney bean. Journal of Plant Registrations. 12:199-202. doi:10.3198/jpr2017.05.0034crc.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3198/jpr2017.05.0034crc

Interpretive Summary: A new dark red kidney bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) variety name ‘Red Cedar’ has been released by Michigan State University AgBioResearch in 2017. Red Cedar is as an upright, full-season cultivar with excellent canning quality, tolerance to common bacterial and rot rots. Red Cedar was developed using pedigree breeding. In 6-yr of field trials, Red Cedar yielded 3250 kg ha-1, flowered in 40 d and matured in 101 d on average. Plants averaged 48 cm in height and did not exhibit lodging. Red Cedar combines high yield potential with high pod placement within plant structure making it suitable for direct harvest systems. Red Cedar produces seed that meets industry standards for both dry and canned seed packaging.

Technical Abstract: ‘Red Cedar’ dark red kidney bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) developed by Michigan State University AgBioResearch was released in 2017 as an upright, full-season cultivar that possesses excellent canning quality, tolerance to common bacterial blight [CBB; caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (Smith) Dye], and rot rots. Red Cedar was developed using pedigree breeding method to the F4 generation followed by pure line selection for disease, agronomic and quality traits. In 6-yr of field trials, Red Cedar yielded 3250 kg ha-1, flowered in 40 d and matured in 101 d on average. Plants averaged 48 cm in height, with lodging resistance score of 1.8 and seed weight of 55.8g 100 seed-1. Red Cedar combines high yield potential with resistance to lodging, high pod placement within plant structure making it suitable for direct harvest under narrow row production systems. The upright architecture also contributes to avoidance of white mold, a disease that is intensified by narrow row production systems. Red Cedar is resistant to race 73 of anthracnose, is partially resistant to local isolates of CBB, is sensitive to strain NL 3 of Bean common mosaic necrosis virus (BCMNV) but is susceptible to bean rust race 22:2. Red Cedar produces seed that meets industry standards for dry seed packaging and was rated satisfactory in overall canned bean quality in the dark red kidney bean seed class.