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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Columbia, Missouri » Cropping Systems and Water Quality Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #342548

Research Project: Improving Irrigation Management and Water Quality for Humid and Sub-humid Climates

Location: Cropping Systems and Water Quality Research

Title: Impact of variety on cotton yield monitor calibration

Author
item Vories, Earl - Earl
item Jones, Andrea - University Of Missouri
item Sudduth, Kenneth - Ken

Submitted to: Proceedings of the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers International (ASABE)
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: 6/9/2017
Publication Date: 7/16/2017
Citation: Vories, E.D., Jones, A., Sudduth, K.A. 2017. Impact of variety on cotton yield monitor calibration. Proceedings of the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers. Paper No. 1700685.

Interpretive Summary: Public and private research and demonstration efforts are essential to keeping US producers competitive with those in the rest of the world and yield monitors are an important component of modern site-specific agriculture. However, many reports have indicated that the calibration of cotton yield monitors is affected by changes in the variety being harvested. A better understanding of yield monitor calibration is essential and ARS and University of Missouri scientists at Portageville and Columbia, Missouri, conducted an experiment to compare yield monitor-estimated weights to observed weights and investigate factors that could affect the differences. Consistent with earlier studies, the calibration error varied among the varieties in the study. Harvest load and observed yield were significantly correlated with calibration error, which may have been related to time of harvest. Additional studies are planned using a producer’s late-model spindle picker with a different type of sensor. These findings will help US cotton producers remain competitive while improving their ability to efficiently manage their crop.

Technical Abstract: Public and private research and demonstration efforts are essential to keeping US producers competitive with those in the rest of the world. While modern yield monitors for grain are able to harvest variety and hybrid trials without imposing variety/hybrid-related bias, many reports have indicated that cotton yield monitors are sufficiently affected by varietal properties to alter the inferences obtained from the data. With recently developed planters capable of site-specific planting of multiple varieties, a better understanding of the varietal effects on yield monitor calibration is essential. A field experiment was conducted in 2016 at the University of Missouri Fisher Delta Research Center Lee Farm near Portageville, Missouri, to compare yield monitor-estimated weights to observed weights in a replicated variety trial and investigate factors that could relate to any observed varietal effect. Six commonly planted commercial varieties were planted in a randomized complete block experimental design with four replications. Individual plots 15 m wide (16 rows) by 70 m long were harvested with a spindle picker equipped with a yield monitor. The harvested seed cotton from each plot was weighed and used to calibrate the yield monitor. Consistent with earlier studies, the calibration error varied significantly among the six varieties in the study; however, the statistical grouping did not change. Harvest load and observed yield were significantly correlated with calibration error, which may have been related to time of harvest. Additional studies are planned using a producer’s late-model spindle picker with a different type of sensor.