|Hall, Mary Beth|
|MERTENS, DAVID - Retired ARS Employee|
Submitted to: Journal of Dairy Science
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 6/23/2017
Publication Date: 12/1/2017
Citation: Hall, M., Mertens, D.R. 2017. A 100-year review: Carbohydrates - characterization, digestion, and utilization. Journal of Dairy Science. 100:10078-10093. doi.org/10.3168/jds.2017-13311.
Interpretive Summary: Our knowledge of the role of carbohydrates in dairy cattle nutrition has advanced substantially during the 100 years in which the Journal of Dairy Science has been published. This invited review tells the history of scientific investigation and discovery of the usefulness and impact of dietary carbohydrates in dairy cattle diets.
Technical Abstract: Our knowledge of the role of carbohydrates in dairy cattle nutrition has advanced substantially during the 100 years in which the Journal of Dairy Science has been published. In this review, we traced the history of scientific investigation and discovery from crude fiber, nitrogen-free extract, and “unidentified factors” to our present analytical schemes and understanding of ruminal and whole animal utilization and impacts of dietary carbohydrates. Historically, advances in research and new feeding standards occurred in parallel with and were fostered by new methods of analysis. The 100 years of research has bequeathed to us an impressive legacy of information, which we will continue to grow.