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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Athens, Georgia » U.S. National Poultry Research Center » Exotic & Emerging Avian Viral Diseases Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #342324

Research Project: Intervention Strategies to Predict, Prevent and Control Disease Outbreaks Caused by Emerging Strains of Virulent Newcastle Disease Viruses

Location: Exotic & Emerging Avian Viral Diseases Research

Title: Risk factors for the transmission of infectious diseases agents at the wild birds-commercial birds interface. A pilot study in the region of the Altos de Jalisco, Mexico

Author
item Valdez-gomez, Hector - Senasica
item Navarro-lopez, Roberto - Senasica
item Vazques-mendoza, Laureano - Senasica
item Zalapa-hernandez, Mitzunari - Senasica
item Guerrero-hernandex, Ignacio - Senasica
item Fonseca-delgado, Victoria - Senasica
item Marquez-ruiz, Miguel Angel - The National Autonomous University Of Mexico
item Afonso, Claudio

Submitted to: BULLETIN DE L’ACADEMIE VETERINAIRE DE FRANCE
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 6/8/2017
Publication Date: 6/25/2017
Publication URL: http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/5852192
Citation: Valdez-Gomez, H., Navarro-Lopez, R., Vazques-Mendoza, L., Zalapa-Hernandez, M., Guerrero-Hernandex, I., Fonseca-Delgado, V., Marquez-Ruiz, M., Afonso, C.L. 2017. Risk factors for the transmission of infectious diseases agents at the wild birds-commercial birds interface. A pilot study in the region of the Altos de Jalisco, Mexico. BULLETIN DE L’ACADEMIE VETERINAIRE DE FRANCE.170(2):143-150. https://doi.org/10.4267/2042/62332.

Interpretive Summary: To improve Newcastle Disease and Avian Influenza control is important to understand the role of wild birds in the maintenance and distribution of the viruses causing those diseases. The Altos de Jalisco Mexican region represent an ideal system to understand the role of wild birds on disease maintenance and spread because of the high prevalence of poultry farm in contact with wild birds. This regions has been repeatedly affected by Avian Influenza and Newcastle Disease. Here a survey of the distribution of wild birds in relation to farms and their interactions identify possible host species for disease transmission.

Technical Abstract: The Altos de Jalisco region in west central Mexico is the location of the largest concentration of poultry farms. This district has witnessed the emergence of Low Pathogenic H5N2 and the Highly Pathogenic H7N3 Influenza viruses. Eighty counting stations along a 50 km corridor were designated in five ecological environments from water bodies to poultry production facilities. The survey, implemented from fall 2014 to winter 2015, identified 82 species of wild birds where the family Icteridae comprised the most abundant group. A network-theory model provided a value of interaction among the wild bird species in these five environments. The highest ranked species corresponded to the Mexican Great-tailed Grackle and the Barn Swallows; making those potential hosts for disease transmission of pathogens in the wild bird-poultry interface in the region of Jalisco. These interactions are likely to positively correlate with increased risk factors.