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ARS Home » Plains Area » Fargo, North Dakota » Edward T. Schafer Agricultural Research Center » Cereal Crops Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #340862

Research Project: Enhancement of Hard Spring Wheat, Durum, and Oat Quality

Location: Cereal Crops Research

Title: Evaluation of the quality scoring system of hard red spring wheat using four different roller mills

Author
item Baasandorj, Tsogtbayar - North Dakota State University
item Ohm, Jae-bom
item Dykes, Linda
item Simsek, Senay - North Dakota State University

Submitted to: International Journal of Food Properties
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/13/2018
Publication Date: 6/4/2018
Citation: Baasandorj, T., Ohm, J., Dykes, L., Simsek, S. 2018. Evaluation of the quality scoring system of hard red spring wheat using four different roller mills. International Journal of Food Properties. 21(1):1017-1030. https://doi.org/10.1080/10942912.2018.1477160.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/10942912.2018.1477160

Interpretive Summary: Domestic and oversea buyers pay premium prices for hard red spring wheat due to high protein content and excellent milling and baking performance. For the efficient evaluation of wheat quality, wheat quality laboratory needs a consistent experimental milling procedure and an objective and simple quality scoring system. The objective of this research was to determine whether quality evaluation of hard red spring wheat cultivars was affected by experimental milling machine types. A scoring system that considered wheat, milling, flour and dough, and bread-baking quality traits of hard red spring wheat cultivar was also developed and used to score overall quality of wheat samples. Four experimental mill types were tested using twelve wheat samples. Mill types did not appear to show inconsistency and to cause discrepancy in quality evaluation of wheat cultivars when evaluated by the overall quality score. The proposed overall wheat scoring system is expected to be highly useful for end-users and breeders in the selection of wheat cultivars end-use quality consideration.

Technical Abstract: Domestic and overseas buyers pay premium price for hard red spring (HRS) wheat due to high protein content and excellent milling and baking performances. For efficient quality identification of wheat samples, a wheat quality laboratory needs an objective and simple experimental milling procedure and a scoring system. The objective of this research was to determine whether the quality evaluation of HRS wheat cultivars was affected by experimental mill types. A scoring system based on wheat, milling, flour, dough, and bread-baking quality traits of wheat genotypes was also developed and used to score overall quality of wheat samples. A total of twelve HRS wheat samples were milled on a Quad. Jr, Quad. Sr, Buhler MLU-202, and MIAG-Multomat roller mills. Main effects of mill type and wheat sample varied significantly (P<0.001) for quality scores. The effect of sample by mill type interaction did not appear to be as high as to cause discrepancy in quality evaluation of wheat cultivars. Significant (P<0.05) correlations appeared for the overall quality scores of HRS wheat samples between different mill types. The proposed overall wheat scoring system is expected to be highly useful for end-users and breeders in the selection of HRS wheat cultivars end-use quality consideration.