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ARS Home » Pacific West Area » Salinas, California » Crop Improvement and Protection Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #340773

Research Project: Management of Pathogens for Strawberry and Vegetable Production Systems

Location: Crop Improvement and Protection Research

Title: Molecular approaches for biosurveillance of the cucurbit downy mildew pathogen, Pseudoperonospora cubensis

item RAHMAN, A - North Carolina State University
item MILES, TIMOTHY - California State University
item Martin, Frank
item QUESADA-OCAMPO, LINA - North Carolina State University

Submitted to: Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 7/19/2017
Publication Date: 8/9/2017
Citation: Rahman, A., Miles, T.D., Martin, F.N., Quesada-Ocampo, L.M. 2017. Molecular approaches for biosurveillance of the cucurbit downy mildew pathogen, Pseudoperonospora cubensis. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology. 39:282-296.

Interpretive Summary: This manuscript is a review of the literature and current research on techniques used to develop molecular diagnostic assays for detection and quantification of the downy mildew pathogen of cucurbits, Pseudoperonospora cubensis. Improved capabilities in these areas will improve the ability to control this devastating pathogen.

Technical Abstract: Globalization has allowed for rapid movement of plant pathogens that threaten food security. Successful disease management largely depends in timely and accurate detection of plant pathogens causing epidemics. Thus, biosurveillance of epidemic plant pathogens such as Pseudoperonospora cubensis, the causal agent of cucurbit downy mildew, is becoming a priority to prevent disease outbreaks and deploy successful control efforts. Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) facilitates rapid development of genomics resources needed to generate molecular diagnostics assays for P. cubensis. Having information regarding the presence or absence of the pathogen, amount of inoculum, crop risk, time to initiate fungicide applications, and effective fungicides to use would significantly contribute in reducing losses to cucurbit downy mildew. In this article we discuss approaches to identify unique loci for rapid molecular diagnostics using genomic data, to develop molecular diagnostic tools that discriminate economically important pathogen alleles (i.e. mating type and fungicide resistance), and how to use molecular diagnostics with current and future spore trap strategies for biosurveillance purposes of important downy mildew pathogens. The combined use of these technologies within the already existent disease management framework has the potential to improve disease control.