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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Tifton, Georgia » Southeast Watershed Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #340731

Research Project: Quantification and Improvement of the Efficiency of Inputs and Management Practices of Southeastern Agriculture to Better Meet Yield, Environmental and Economic Goals

Location: Southeast Watershed Research

Title: Runoff amount and quality as influenced by tillage and fertilizer management choices in a Cecil soil

Author
item Endale, Dinku
item Schomberg, Harry
item Truman, Clint - Syngenta Crop Protection
item Franklin, Dorcas - University Of Georgia
item Jenkins, Michael
item Fisher, Dwight - Retired Ars Employee

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 7/11/2017
Publication Date: 10/22/2017
Citation: Endale, D.M., Schomberg, H.H., Truman, C.C., Franklin, D.H., Jenkins, M., Fisher, D.S. 2017. Runoff amount and quality as influenced by tillage and fertilizer management choices in a Cecil soil. ASA-CSSA-SSSA annual meeting, October 22-25,2017, Tampa, FL. CD-Rom.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Tillage and fertilizer choices and their interactions have varying impacts on levels and qualities of runoff from agricultural fields. We quantified runoff, sediment loss, concentrations and loads of ammonium-nitrogen (NH4-N), nitrate-nitrogen (NO3-N), dissolved reactive phosphorus (PO4-P) and total phosphorus (TP) from a Cecil soil near Watkinsville, GA, under rainfall simulation in 2004 (constant rate) and 2005 (variable rate). Two tillage (conventional tillage CT and no-tillage NT; main plots) and two fertilizer (mineral fertilizer CF and poultry litter PL; subplots) treatments were arranged in a randomized complete block (split plot) design with three replications. Rainfall simulation was conducted on 6.6 ft by 9.8 ft section of each of the twelve 30 ft by 100 ft plots for 60 minutes. Runoff volume in 2004 was greater from CT than NT (x 6 to 8 for means). Differences were much smaller in 2005 (x 1.1 to 1.3). Sediment mass in 2004 was greater from CT than NT (x 10 to 13). We have no data for 2005. In both simulations, nutrient concentration and load was much larger from NT than CT (x 1.2 to 66); NO3-N concentration and load was much larger from CF than PL (x 3 & 49 for concentration and x 22 & 8.6 for load); and phosphorus load was greater from PL than CF (x 1.3 & 2.3). Concentrations of NH4-N and PO4-P were greater from CF than PL in 2004 (x 2.8 & 1.8) but reversed in 2005 (x 5.4 and 2.3). Load of NH4-N was greater from CF than PL in 2004 (x 1.4) but reversed in 2005 (x 4.8). The treatments influenced values of the considered variables.