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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Stoneville, Mississippi » Genomics and Bioinformatics Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #340240

Research Project: Genomics and Bioinformatics Research in Agriculturally Important Organisms

Location: Genomics and Bioinformatics Research

Title: Setting the Stage for California Coffee Farming

Author
item Hulse-kemp, Amanda
item Stoffel, Kevin - University Of California
item Ruskey, Jay - Good Land Organics
item Van Deynze, Allen - University Of California
item Cantu, Dario - University Of California
item Medrano, Juan - University Of California

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 6/5/2017
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Traditional coffee farming has occurred worldwide at equatorial latitudes below 25° under very specific growing conditions with acidic soils, warm temperatures and high humidity. Environmental conditions have been found to have large impacts on the quality and taste of the berry, which in turn affects the roasting and cupping qualities. The Geisha variety of Coffea arabica, has been grown successfully over the past six years near Santa Barbara, California, 19° latitude north of any other plantation in the world. A representative line of Geisha being grown in California was utilized to produce the first publicly available tetraploid C. arabica genome sequence using long-read technology. Resequencing of a panel of 35 additional varieties was obtained using short-read technology. Together these data sets are being used to generate an initial understanding of the diversity within and among varieties at the genome level. This information and forthcoming analyses will be informative to the breeders beginning to establish successful coffee breeding and farming programs to support a new California coffee market.