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Research Project: Strategies to Predict and Mitigate the Impacts of Climate Variability on Soil, Plant, Animal, and Environmental Interactions

Location: Plant Science Research

Title: Chapter 10. Ozone effects on vegetation: A walk from cells to ecosystems

item Burkey, Kent
item AGATHKLEOUS, EVGENIOS - Hokkaido Research Organization
item SAITANIS, COSTAS - Agricultural University Of Athens
item MASHAHEET, AL-SAYED - North Carolina State University
item KIOKE, TAKAYOSHI - Hokkaido University
item HUNG, YUNG-TSE - Cleveland State University

Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 10/23/2019
Publication Date: 8/14/2020
Citation: Burkey, K.O., Agathokleous, E., Saitanis, C. J., Mashaheet, A.M., Koike, T. and Hung, Y.T. (2020). Chapter 10. Ozone Effects on Vegetation: A Walk from Cells to Ecosystems. In: Hung, Y.T., Wang, L.K., and N. Shammas eds. Handbook of Environment and Waste Management, Volume 3: Acid Rain and Greenhouse Gas Pollution Control, pp. 357-396 (ISBN-10: 9811207127). World Scientific Publishing Co. Inc, Singapore, 14 August 2020.

Interpretive Summary: A team of scholars from Greece, Japan, North Carolina State University in the USA, and USDA-ARS prepared this invited review describing current knowledge about mechanisms of plant response to ozone air pollution. Written for a general audience, this book chapter include an overview of ozone uptake from the atmosphere by plants, the cellular responses that follow, and the resulting impacts on plant growth for both crops and trees. Ozone effects on complex interactions between plants, microbes, and insects are considered. Finally, research approaches for studying ozone effects on vegetation are summarized.

Technical Abstract: We summarize effects of ozone on plants beginning at the atmosphere-leaf interface, and then follow responses at the cellular level and the resulting foliar injury leading to impacts on plant growth. Impacts on crop yield are discussed with the potential for improving ozone tolerance through plant breeding. Impacts of ozone on trees are analyzed with reference to ecosystem functioning and trophic interactions. Facilities to investigate ozone effects on vegetation, ozone phytotoxicity metrics, and ozone-protectant chemicals are described.