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Research Project: Strategies to Predict and Mitigate the Impacts of Climate Variability on Soil, Plant, Animal, and Environmental Interactions

Location: Plant Science Research

Title: Chapter 8. Ground level ozone profile and the role of plants as sources and sinks

item SAITANIS, COSTAS - Agricultural University Of Athens
item AGATHOKLEOUS, EVGENIOS - Hokkaido Research Organization
item Burkey, Kent
item HUNG, YUNG-TSE - Cleveland State University

Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 10/23/2019
Publication Date: 8/14/2020
Citation: Saitanis, C.J., Agathokleous, E., Burkey, K., and Hung, Y.T. (2020). Chapter 8. Ground Level Ozone Profile and the Role of Plants as Sources and Sinks. In: Hung, Y.T., Wang, L.K., and N. Shammas eds. Handbook of Environment and Waste Management, Volume 3: Acid Rain and Greenhouse Gas Pollution Control, pp. 281-324. (ISBN-10: 9811207127). World Scientific Publishing Co. Inc, Singapore, 14 August 2020.

Interpretive Summary: A team of scholars from Greece, Japan, Cleveland State University in the USA, and USDA-ARS prepared this invited review describing ozone formation in the atmosphere. The book chapter is written for a general audience and includes topics on atmospheric chemistry, spatial and temporal distribution of ozone in the atmosphere, and the role of plants in forming and removing ozone from the atmosphere at the earth’s surface.

Technical Abstract: Tropospheric ozone is nowadays recognized as the most important widespread air pollutant, deteriorating materials and causing adverse effects to living organisms. It occurs at levels potentially phytotoxic, thus influencing cultivated plants and natural ecosystems. In this chapter we describe the mechanisms of ozone formation in the stratosphere and the troposphere, its spatial (longitudinal and latitudinal) distribution, its trends as well as the diurnal and seasonal patterns of its concentrations. Furthermore, the roles of plants as indirect “sources” (through the biogenic volatile organic compounds emissions) and “sinks” (through wet and dry depositions) are discussed.