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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Charleston, South Carolina » Vegetable Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #339633

Research Project: Sustainable Approaches for Pest Management in Vegetable Crops

Location: Vegetable Research

Title: Evaluation of bicyclopyrone in sweetpotato

item CUTULLE, MATTHEW - Clemson University
item Wadl, Phillip
item WARD, BRIAN - Clemson University

Submitted to: HortScience
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 4/20/2017
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary: N/A

Technical Abstract: Bicyclopyrone (BIR) is a new 4-Hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase (HPPD)-inhibitor that is being evaluated for use in sweetpotato. BIR would be the first HPPD-inhibiting herbicide to be approved for use in sweet potato. Previous studies have shown that sweet potato varieties may differ in their response to herbicide inputs. A greenhouse study was conducted in Charleston, SC, to evaluate BIR tolerance in 6 sweetpotato varieties. Five commercial varieties (Covington, Beauregard, Excel, Sumor, and Bayou Belle) and one experimental sweetpotato line were propagated in the greenhouse. Cuttings from the sweetpotatos were transferred to herbicide treated soil. BIR was applied to the soil at rates of 50, 100, and 200 g ai/ha. Data were taken on bleaching, general phytotoxicty, and fresh weights. Generally, application of 50 g ai/ha of BIR did not have any phytotoxic effects on the sweet potato varieties; however, numerical weights of the plants tended to decrease when comparing 50 g ai/ha to the untreated check. When assessing injury and bleaching at higher rates, Beauregard tended to be the most tolerant while Sumor was the least tolerant to BIR. The experimental line did not show any phytotoxic symptoms at the 1X rate; however, this variety lost the most fresh weight relative to the untreated check when 200 g ai/ha of BIR was applied.