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Research Project: Biology and Biological Control of Root Diseases of Wheat, Barley and Biofuel Brassicas

Location: Wheat Health, Genetics, and Quality Research

Title: Disease suppressive soils: New insights from the soil microbiome

Author
item Paulitz, Timothy
item Schlatter, Daniel
item KINKEL, L - University Of Minnesota
item Thomashow, Linda
item Weller, David

Submitted to: Phytopathology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 6/9/2017
Publication Date: 11/1/2017
Citation: Paulitz, T.C., Schlatter, D.C., Kinkel, L., Thomashow, L.S., Weller, D.M. 2017. Disease suppressive soils: New insights from the soil microbiome. Phytopathology. 107(11):1284-1297. https://doi.org/10.1094/PHYTO-03-17-0111-RVW.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1094/PHYTO-03-17-0111-RVW

Interpretive Summary: A review of the status of suppressive soils is given. Three cases studies are presented- take-all, Rhizoctonia, and Streptomyces. Specific hypotheses are also proposed that can be tested, and the molecular technology is critiqued.

Technical Abstract: In this review, we will present three currently-studied model systems with features representative of specific and general suppressiveness. Based on these systems, we will consider hypotheses about the fundamental nature of specific and general disease-suppressive soil microbial communities, explore and critique ways in which new tools provide novel ways for testing the hypotheses, and finally, consider how the resulting insights can help to guide progress in phytobiome-based sustainable disease management, a goal critical to harnessing the potential of indigenous soil microbes to provide pathogen suppression in agriculture.