Location: Infectious Bacterial Diseases ResearchTitle: Bovine tuberculosis
Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 4/21/2017
Publication Date: N/A
Technical Abstract: Tuberculosis (TB) in animals and humans may result from exposure to bacilli within the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (i.e., M. tuberculosis, M. bovis, M. africanum, M. pinnipedii, M. microti, M. caprae, or M. canetti) . Mycobacterium bovis is the species most often isolated from tuberculous cattle and it is infectious to humans (zoonotic). Within the United States, bovine tuberculosis is nearly eradicated in cattle; however, sporadic cases are detected primarily due to on-going importation of tuberculous cattle from Mexico, spillover from a wildlife reservoir host (i.e., white-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginianus) in the NE region of the lower peninsula of Michigan, transmission from captive cervids infected with M. bovis, and herd-to-herd transmission in the US. This book chapter provides information on the etiology, epidemiology, diagnosis, pathophysiology, treatment, control, and vaccination for bovine tuberculosis in domestic livestock and relevant wildlife hosts.