Submitted to: Meeting Proceedings
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: 4/1/2017
Publication Date: 4/4/2017
Citation: Swayne, D.E. 2017. Control strategies against avian influenza [abstract]. 2017 Merial Avian Flu Seminar, April 4-6, 2017, Athens,Greece. p. 20-22.
Technical Abstract: Since 1959, 40 epizootics of high pathogenicity avian influenza (HPAI) have occurred (Figure 1). Thirty-five of these epizootic HPAI viruses were geographically-limited (mostly to single countries), involved farm-to-farm spread and were eradicated from poultry by stamping-out programs; i.e. the HPAI viruses did not circulate in wild migratory birds. However, five outbreaks have added vaccination as an additional management tool. An H5N1 HPAI virus emerged in 1996 in a goose in Guangdong China (Gs/GD lineage), and unlike the viruses in the other 39 HPAI outbreaks, has caused deaths in wild birds, poultry and humans, and spread to over 70 countries in Asia, Europe, Africa and North America; drastically changing the perspective on HPAI biology.