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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Miami, Florida » Subtropical Horticulture Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #338396

Research Project: Methyl Bromide Replacement: Mitigation of the Invasive Pest Threat from the American Tropics and Subtropics

Location: Subtropical Horticulture Research

Title: Chemical composition, in vitro antioxidant, antimicrobial and insecticidal activities of essential oil from Cladanthus arabicus

Author
item Aghraz, Abdellah - UNIVERSITE CADI AYYAD
item Wanner, Jurgen - KURT KITZING CO.
item Schmidt, Erich - UNIVERSITY OF VIENNA
item Ait Dra, Loubna - UNIVERSITE CADI AYYAD
item Ait Sidibrahim, Malika - UNIVERSITE CADI AYYAD
item Tabanca, Nurhayat
item Abbas, Ali - UNIVERSITY OF MISSISSIPPI
item Nafis, Ahmed - UNIVERSITE CADI AYYAD
item Hassani, Lahcen - UNIVERSITE CADI AYYAD
item Markouk, Mohammed - UNIVERSITE CADI AYYAD
item Jirovetz, Leopold - UNIVERSITY OF VIENNA
item Larhsini, Mustapha - UNIVERSITE CADI AYYAD

Submitted to: Journal of Essential Oil Bearing Plants
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/9/2017
Publication Date: 7/26/2017
Citation: Aghraz, A., Wanner, J., Schmidt, E., Ait Dra, L., Ait Sidibrahim, M., Tabanca, N., Abbas, A., Nafis, A., Hassani, L., Markouk, M., Jirovetz, L., Larhsini, M. 2017. Chemical composition, in vitro antioxidant, antimicrobial and insecticidal activities of essential oil from Cladanthus arabicus. Journal of Essential Oil Bearing Plants. 20(3):601-609. doi:10.1080/0972060X.2017.1331143.

Interpretive Summary: Essential oil from Cladanthus arabicus (Asteraceae) was investigated for antioxidant, antimicrobial and insecticidal activities. C. arabicus is an aromatic bushy annual plant and locally known as ‘tafs” in Morocco. In continuation of our studies on screening EOs from medicinal plants growing wild, we investigated the chemical composition and the biological activities. The essential oil was tested for six bacteria and four Candida strains, antioxidant activity by two methods, and mosquito larvicidal effect against Aedes aegypti.

Technical Abstract: The essential oil obtained from the aerial parts of Cladanthus arabicus (L.) Cass was studied for its chemical composition, antioxidant, antimicrobial and insecticidal activities. The essential oil (EO) was analyzed by GC-MS. Sixty seven compounds representing 94.2% of the oil were identified. The major components of C. arabicus EO were sabinene (31.1%), ß-pinene (16.7%), myrcene (12.3%) and a-pinene (5.3%). Moreover, the antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of the essential oil against six bacteria and four Candida strains were studied. The results showed the existence of a strong antioxidant activity with IC50 of 55.4 ± 0.12 µg/mL and 57.2 ± 0.21 µg/mL, respectively for DPPH and FRAP methods. The EO exhibited great antimicrobial activity especially against Micrococcus luteus (MIC = 0.187 mg/mL) and Candida albicans (MIC = 0.187 mg/mL). LD50 and LD90 values were 43.6 and 74.1 ppm against 1-d-old larvae of Aedes aegypti, respectively.