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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Oxford, Mississippi » National Sedimentation Laboratory » Water Quality and Ecology Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #336251

Research Project: Integrated Strategies for Improved Water Quality and Ecosystem Integrity within Agricultural Watersheds

Location: Water Quality and Ecology Research

Title: A global database of nitrogen and phosphorus excretion rates of aquatic animals

item VANNI, MICHAEL - Miami University - Ohio
item MCINTYRE, PETER - University Of Wisconsin
item ARNOTT, DIANE - University Of Western Australia
item BENSTEAD, JONATHAN - University Of Alabama
item BERG, DAVID - Miami University - Ohio
item BRABRAND, AGE - University Of Oslo
item SEBASTIEN, BROSSE - Universite Paul Sabatier
item BUKAVECKAS, PAUL - Virginia Commonwealth University
item CALIMAN, ADRIANO - Universidade Federal Do Rio Grande Do Norte (UFRN)
item CAPPS, KRISTA - University Of Georgia
item CARNEIRO, LUCIANA - Universidade Federal Do Rio Grande Do Norte (UFRN)
item CHADWICK, NANETTE - Auburn University
item CHRISTIAN, ALAN - University Of Massachusetts
item CLARKE, ANDREW - Cambridge University
item CONROY, JOSEPH - Ohio Department Of Natural Resources
item CULVER, DAVID - The Ohio State University
item DALTON, CHRISTOPHER - The Rivers School
item DEVINE, JENNIFER - Norwegian Institute Of Marine Research
item DOMINE, LEAH - University Of St Thomas
item EVANS-WHITE, MICHELLE - University Of Arkansas
item FAAFENG, BJORN - Norwgian Institute For Water Research
item FLECKER, ALEXANDER - Cornell University - New York
item GIDO, KEITH - Kansas State University
item GODINOT, CLAIRE - Laboratoire De Radioecologie De Cherbourg-Octeville
item GUARIENTO, RAFAEL - Universidade Federal Do Mato Grosso Do Sul
item HAERTEL-BORER, SUSANNE - Federal Office For The Environment
item HALL, ROBERT - University Of Wyoming
item HENRY, RAOUL - Sao Paulo State University (UNESP)
item HERWIG, BRIAN - Minnesota Department Of Natural Resources
item HICKS, BRENDAN - University Of Waikato
item HIGGINS, KAREN - North Carolina Department Of Environment And Natural Resources
item HOOD, JAMES - The Ohio State University
item HOPTON, MATTHEW - Us Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
item IKEDA, TSUTOMU - Hokkaido University
item JAMES, WILLIAM - University Of Wisconsin
item JANSEN, HENRICE - Waneningen University
item JOHNSON, CODY - Polar Field Services
item KOCH, BENJAMIN - Northern Arizona University
item LAMBERTI, GARY - University Of Notre Dame
item LESSARD-PILON, STEPHANIE - George Mason University
item MAERZ, JOHN - University Of Georgia
item MATHER, MARTHA - Kansas State University
item MCMANAMAY, RYAN - Oak Ridge National Laboratory
item MILANOVICH, JOSEPH - Loyola University
item MORGAN, DAI - North Tec, Applied Science, Conservation And Environment
item MOSLEMI, JENNIFER - Caravan Lab
item NADDAFI, RHMAT - Swedish University Of Agricultural Sciences
item NILSSEN, JENS PETTER - Muller-Sars Society
item PAGANO, MARC - University Of The Mediterranean
item PILATI, ALBERTO - Mediterranean Institute Of Oceanography
item POST, DAVID - Yale University
item ROOPIN, MODI - Weizmann Institite Of Science
item RUGENSKI, AMANDA - Cornell University - New York
item SCHAUS, MAYNARD - Virginia Wesleyan College
item SHOSTELL, JOSEPH - University Of Minnesota
item SMALL, GASTON - University Of St Thomas
item SOLOMON, CHRISTOPHER - Cary Institute Of Ecosystem Studies
item STERRETT, SEAN - Massachusetts Cooperative Fish And Wildlife Research Unit
item STRAND, OIVIND - Norwegian Institute Of Marine Research
item TARVAINEN, MARJO - Pyhajarvi Institute
item Taylor, Jason
item TORRES-GERALD, LISETTE - Nebraska Wesleyan University
item TURNER, CAROLINE - Michigan State University
item URABE, JOTARO - Tohoku University
item UYE, SHIN-ICHI - University Of Hiroshima
item VENTELA, ANNE-MARI - Finnish Game And Fisheries Research Institute
item VILLEGER, SEBASTIEN - University Of Montpellier
item WHILES, MATTHEW - Southern Illinois University
item WILHELM, FRANK - University Of Idaho
item WILSON, HENRY - Brandon Research Center
item XENOPOULOS, MARGUERITE - Trent University
item ZIMMER, KYLE - University Of St Thomas

Submitted to: Ecology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 2/7/2017
Publication Date: 5/1/2017
Publication URL:
Citation: Vanni, M.J., McIntyre, P.B., Arnott, D.P., Benstead, J.P., Berg, D.J., Brabrand, A., Sebastien, B., Bukaveckas, P.A., Caliman, A., Capps, K.A., Carneiro, L.S., Chadwick, N.E., Christian, A.D., Clarke, A., Conroy, J.D., Culver, D.A., Dalton, C.M., Devine, J.A., Domine, L.M., Evans-White, M.A., Faafeng, B., Flecker, A.S., Gido, K.B., Godinot, C., Guariento, R., Haertel-Borer, S., Hall, R.O., Henry, R., Herwig, B.R., Hicks, B.J., Higgins, K.A., Hood, J.M., Hopton, M.E., Ikeda, T., James, W.F., Jansen, H.M., Johnson, C.R., Koch, B.J., Lamberti, G.A., Lessard-Pilon, S., Maerz, J.C., Mather, M.E., McManamay, R.A., Milanovich, J.R., Morgan, D.K., Moslemi, J.M., Naddafi, R., Nilssen, J., Pagano, M., Pilati, A., Post, D.M., Roopin, M., Rugenski, A.T., Schaus, M.H., Shostell, J., Small, G.E., Solomon, C.T., Sterrett, S.C., Strand, O., Tarvainen, M., Taylor, J.M., Torres-Gerald, L.E., Turner, C.B., Urabe, J., Uye, S., Ventela, A., Villeger, S., Whiles, M.R., Wilhelm, F.M., Wilson, H.F., Xenopoulos, M.A., Zimmer, K.D. 2017. A global database of nitrogen and phosphorus excretion rates of aquatic animals. Ecology. 98(5):1475.

Interpretive Summary: The importance of animals in influencing nutrient cycling in ecosystems is well established but varies among species and ecosystems. Over the last two decades, scientific studies investigating the influence of animals on nutrient cycling in ecosystems have increased dramatically. An ARS scientist's data was included in a global compilation of aquatic animal nutrient excretion rates that includes data from 66 scientists from around the world. The dataset includes 10,534 observations of nitrogen and phosphorus excretion rates from 491 different freshwater and marine animals. This dataset will be publicly available and will be a valuable resource for testing predictions of important scientific frameworks related to how animals utilize nutrients and, in turn, influence nutrient availability in aquatic ecosystems.

Technical Abstract: Animals can be important in modulating ecosystem-level nutrient cycling, although their importance varies greatly among species and ecosystems. Nutrient cycling rates of individual animals represent valuable data for testing the predictions of important frameworks such as the Metabolic Theory of Ecology (MTE) and ecological stoichiometry (ES). They also represent an important set of functional traits that may reflect both environmental and phylogenetic influences. Over the past two decades, studies of animal-mediated nutrient cycling have increased dramatically, especially in aquatic ecosystems. Here we present a global compilation of aquatic animal nutrient excretion rates. The dataset includes 10,534 observations from freshwater and marine animals of N and/or P excretion rates. These observations represent 491 species, including most aquatic phyla. Coverage varies greatly among phyla and other taxonomic levels. The dataset includes information on animal body size, ambient temperature, taxonomic affiliations, and animal body N:P. This data set was used to test predictions of MTE and ES, as described in Vanni and McIntyre (2016; Ecology).