Skip to main content
ARS Home » Southeast Area » Fayetteville, Arkansas » Poultry Production and Product Safety Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #336114

Research Project: Antibiotic Alternatives for Controlling Foodborne Pathogens and Disease in Poultry

Location: Poultry Production and Product Safety Research

Title: Ability of select probiotics to reduce enteric Campylobacter colonization in broiler chickens

Author
item Shrestha, Sandip - University Of Arkansas
item Arsi, Komala - University Of Arkansas
item Wagle, Basanta - University Of Arkansas
item Donoghue, Ann - Annie
item Donoghue, Dan - University Of Arkansas

Submitted to: International Journal of Poultry Science
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 1/2/2017
Publication Date: 1/15/2017
Citation: Shrestha, S., Arsi, K., Wagle, B.R., Donoghue, A.M., Donoghue, D.J. 2017. Ability of select probiotics to reduce enteric Campylobacter colonization in broiler chickens. International Journal of Poultry Science. 16:37-42.

Interpretive Summary: Campylobacter is the leading cause of foodborne enteritis worldwide and is primarily caused by consumption/mishandling of contaminated poultry. Probiotic use in poultry has been an effective strategy in reducing many enteric pathogens, but has not demonstrated consistent reduction against Campylobacter. As Campylobacter resides and utilizes intestinal mucin for growth, isolates selected on the basis of mucin utilization might be a strategy to screen for probiotic candidates with efficacy against Campylobacter. In this study, bacterial isolates demonstrating increased growth rates in the presence of mucin in media, in vitro, were selected for their ability to reduce Campylobacter colonization in 14 day old broiler chickens. In replicate trials, ninety day-of-hatch chicks were randomly divided into 9 treatment groups (n=10 chicks/treatment) and treated individually with one of four bacterial isolates (Bacillus spp.) grown in media with or without mucin prior to inoculation or a Campylobacter control (Campylobacter, no isolate). In both the trials, all the birds except control were orally gavaged with individual isolates at day-of-hatch. On day 7, all the birds were orally challenged with a four strain mixture of C. jejuni and ceca were collected on day 14 for Campylobacter enumeration. Results from these two trials demonstrated two individual isolates, one isolate incubated with mucin in the media and another isolate incubated without mucin prior to inoculation, consistently reduced cecal Campylobacter counts (1.5-4 log reduction) compared to controls. These results support the potential use of mucin to preselect isolates for their ability to reduce enteric colonization of Campylobacter in broiler chickens.

Technical Abstract: Campylobacter is the leading cause of foodborne enteritis worldwide and is primarily caused by consumption/mishandling of contaminated poultry. Probiotic use in poultry has been an effective strategy in reducing many enteric pathogens, but has not demonstrated consistent reduction against Campylobacter. As Campylobacter resides and utilizes intestinal mucin for growth, isolates selected on the basis of mucin utilization might be a strategy to screen for probiotic candidates with efficacy against Campylobacter. In this study, bacterial isolates demonstrating increased growth rates in the presence of mucin in media, in vitro, were selected for their ability to reduce Campylobacter colonization in 14 day old broiler chickens. In replicate trials, ninety day-of-hatch chicks were randomly divided into 9 treatment groups (n=10 chicks/treatment) and treated individually with one of four bacterial isolates (Bacillus spp.) grown in media with or without mucin prior to inoculation or a Campylobacter control (Campylobacter, no isolate). In both the trials, all the birds except control were orally gavaged with individual isolates at day-of-hatch. On day 7, all the birds were orally challenged with a four strain mixture of C. jejuni and ceca were collected on day 14 for Campylobacter enumeration. Results from these two trials demonstrated two individual isolates, one isolate incubated with mucin in the media and another isolate incubated without mucin prior to inoculation, consistently reduced cecal Campylobacter counts (1.5-4 log reduction) compared to controls. These results support the potential use of mucin to preselect isolates for their ability to reduce enteric colonization of Campylobacter in broiler chickens.