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ARS Home » Northeast Area » Beltsville, Maryland (BARC) » Beltsville Agricultural Research Center » Systematic Entomology Laboratory » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #336066

Research Project: Systematics of Lepidoptera: Invasive Species, Pest and Biological Control Agents

Location: Systematic Entomology Laboratory

Title: D. mordor and D. galapagensis, new species, in the Spilomelinae of the Galapagos Island, Ecuador

Author
item Landry - Museum D'histoire Naturelle
item Solis, M

Submitted to: Revue Suisse de Zoologie
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 12/21/2016
Publication Date: 12/30/2017
Citation: Landry, .B., Solis, M.A. 2017. D. mordor and D. galapagensis, new species, in the Spilomelinae of the Galapagos Island, Ecuador. Revue Suisse de Zoologie. 123(2):315-399.

Interpretive Summary: The genera Diaphania and Desmia are large snout moth genera in the Western Hemisphere, 89 and 83 species, respectively. Diaphania species are pests of squash family, and, for example, losses due to pickleworms have been estimated to be 2-3 million dollars annually in Georgia alone and the grape-vine leaf folder once caused great losses to grapes. Two new species in each of these genera are described and illustrated from the Galapagos Islands, Ecuador. This research will be useful to quarantine workers and conservation biologists in the preservation of this unique habitat.

Technical Abstract: The largest subfamily of Pyraloidea of the Galápagos fauna is reviewed. Forty-four species are recorded and illustrated, including the male and female genitalia. Eleven species are described as new: Agathodes galapagensis Landry sp. n., Desmia mordor Landry & Solis sp. n., Diaphania galapagensis Landry & Solis sp. n., Lineodes vulcanalis Landry sp. n., L. corinnae Landry sp. n.; Neoleucinodes galapagensis Landry sp. n., Samea coffea Landry sp. n., Samea inconspicuella Landry sp. n., Sisyracera jacquelinae Landry sp. n., Udea galapagensis Landry sp. n., Udea sideralis Landry sp. n. Asciodes quietalis (Walker, 1859), stat. n. and Samea castellalis Guenée, 1854, stat. n. are removed from synonymy. Samea contortilinealis Hampson, 1895 is synonymized with Sisyracera inabsconsalis (Möschler, 1890). Lectotypes are designated for Botys cambogialis Guenée, 1854, Phlyctaenia capsifera Meyrick, 1933, Phalaena costata Fabricius, 1775, Botys creonalis Walker, 1859, Samea disertalis Walker, 1866, Asciodes gordialis Guenée, 1854, Diasemia inabsconsalis Möschler, 1890, Botys philealis Walker, 1859, and Scoparia quietalis Walker, 1859. The known distribution and biology of the each species are summarized. Cryptobotys zoilusalis (Walker, 1859) and Salbia haemorrhoidalis Guenée, 1854 are recorded from the Galápagos for the first time. A host plant record is mentioned for Penestola bufalis (Guenée, 1854) for the first time.