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ARS Home » Pacific West Area » Logan, Utah » Poisonous Plant Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #332735

Research Project: Understanding and Mitigating the Adverse Effects of Poisonous Plants on Livestock Production Systems

Location: Poisonous Plant Research

Title: Experimental poisoning by Niedenzuella stannea in cattle and corresponding detection of monofluoroacetate (Intoxicação experimental por Niedenzuella stannea em bovinos e correspondente detecção de monofluoroacetato)

Author
item Arruda, Felipe - Federal University Of Mato Grosso
item Caldeira, Flavio - Federal University Of Mato Grosso
item Ducatti, Kassia - Federal University Of Mato Grosso
item Bezerra, Kalinne - Federal University Of Mato Grosso
item Marcolonga-pereira, Clairton - Centro Universitário Ritter Dos Reis (UNIRITTER)
item Lee, Stephen
item Cook, Daniel
item Riet-correa, Franklin - National Agricultural Research Institute(INIA)
item Colodel, Edson - Federal University Of Mato Grosso

Submitted to: Ciencia Rural
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 10/13/2016
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary: In Brazil monofluoroacetate (MFA) containing plants are represented by 11 species that belong to three principle genera: Palicourea, Amorimia, and Tanaecium. These plants can cause sudden death syndrome. The objective of this paper was to determine if Niedenzuella stannea contained the toxin that is responsible for sudden death syndrome and to report the clinical signs and pathology in cattle. The toxin was detected in all plant parts except mature leaves. Niedenzuella stannea was dosed to cattle. The clinical signs and pathology observed were similar to those reported by other MFA-containing plants. This is the first report that N. stannea contains MFA and causes sudden death in cattle.

Technical Abstract: In Brazil monofluoroacetate containing plants are represented by 11 species that belong to three principle genera: Palicourea (Rubiaceae), Amorimia (Malpighiaceae), and Tanaecium (Bignoniaceae). These plants can cause acute cardiac failure often referred to as sudden death syndrome. The objective of this paper was to determine if Niedenzuella stannea (Malpighiaceae) contained the toxin monofluoroacetate that is responsible for sudden death syndrome and to report the clinical signs and pathology in cattle associated with experimental poisoning by it. Monofluoroacetate was detected in all plant parts except mature leaves. Niedenzuella stannea was dosed to cattle. The clinical signs and pathology observed were similar to those reported by other MFA-containing plants. In summary, this is the first report that N. stannea contains monofluoroacetate and causes sudden death in cattle.