Location: Adaptive Cropping Systems LaboratoryTitle: Mitigation technologies to control high-temperature stress in crop plants
|UPRETY, DINESH - Indian Agricultural Research Institute|
Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 4/5/2016
Publication Date: 7/27/2016
Citation: Uprety, D.C., Reddy, V. 2016. Mitigation technologies to control high-temperature stress in crop plants. Springer. Crop Responses to Global Warming. Singapore: Springer. p. 117-125. doi: 10.1007/978-981-10-2004-9.
Technical Abstract: The book entitled “Crop Responses to Global Warming” describes the traditional historical shifts within the earth’s atmospheric temperature and weighs the evidence regarding anthropogenetic elicited changes within the level of temperature. There is not an abundant study to elucidate the shift in temperature since the glacial period, whereas the following new increase within the earth’s temperature after pre-industrial period has been presumably concerning the anthropogenetic activities. This rise in temperature has become a great threat to the productivity of crop plants. The rise in temperature has affected the crop calendar of tropical and temperate regions of the world by reducing the length of the effective season of crops. This monograph can offer an outline of the worldwide further as Indian crops productivity in reference to the increase within the earth’s surface temperature. The variability of past temperature changes which of when technological revolution has been discussed in reference to the crop productivity and food security of the region. A chapter of this treatise is on the technologies to check the responses of crop plants to the elevated temperature. The innovative approaches are outlined for the long run experiments to research the life time responses of crop plants to the increase in temperature. Phytotrones, gradient chambers, gradient greenhouses, soil plant atmosphere research system, temperature-free air carbonic acid gas enrichment technology, infra-red warming technology, free air temperature enrichment technologies and Soil warming systems to simulate anthropogenic climate warming are described during this chapter. The impact assessment analysis of rising temperature on crops corresponding to wheat, rice, maize, soybean, cotton and genus Brassica are described, reviewed and mentioned in separate chapters as case studies. The responses of physiological processes and organic chemistry reactions to the elevated temperature in crop plants are delineate crop wise. The impact of elevated temperature on the expansion and development of crop plants has been mentioned in relevance their phenological stages. The monograph additionally includes the impact of elevating temperature on crop weed interaction, pest and diseases and soil dynamics for every crop species independently. The mitigation technologies to counter the adverse impact of heat stress are delineate for every crop consistent with their cultivation and weather conditions. The future analysis methods for every crop to satisfy the threat of elevating temperature on crop productivity and food security are described and discussed.