|Smiley, Peter - Rocky|
|JORDAN, MARK - Indiana University-Purdue University|
|CASTAMDEDA, ABEL - Indiana University-Purdue University|
|GILLESPIE, ROBERT - Indiana University-Purdue University|
Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/3/2016
Publication Date: 7/7/2016
Citation: Smiley, P.C., Jordan, M.A., Castamdeda, A., Gillespie, R.B., Smith, D.R., King, K.W. 2016. Conservation implications of amphibian habitat relationships within channelized agricultural headwater streams in the midwestern United States. Meeting Abstract. 2016 Joint Meeting of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, July 7-10, 2016, New Orleans, Louisiana.
Technical Abstract: The widespread use of stream channelization and subsurface tile drainage for removing water from agricultural fields has led to the development of numerous channelized agricultural headwater streams within agricultural watersheds of the Midwestern United States. Channelized agricultural headwater streams have been documented to serve as habitat for amphibians, but information on amphibian habitat relationships within these streams is lacking and needed for developing effective conservation strategies. We quantified instream habitat, water chemistry, and sampled amphibians from seven sites in three channelized streams in Cedar Creek, Indiana in 2008 and 2009 and five sites in five channelized streams in Upper Big Walnut Creek, Ohio in 2009. We conducted an indirect gradient analysis involving the use of Principal Component Analysis and Generalized Linear Mixed Effect Model Analysis to determine which variables had the greatest influence on amphibian community and population structure. Overall, amphibian community and population structure was most strongly correlated with water chemistry rather than instream habitat within channelized agricultural headwater streams in Indiana and Ohio. Ten of 12 amphibian response variables were most strongly correlated with either a water chemistry gradient of nitrate+nitrite and acetochlor or a gradient of total nitrogen and ammonia. Only two amphibian response variables were most strongly correlated with an instream habitat gradient of dissolved oxygen and water depth. Our results suggest that conservation strategies that target reductions of nutrients and herbicides will provide the greatest benefits for amphibians within channelized agricultural headwater streams in the Midwestern United States.