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ARS Home » Pacific West Area » Aberdeen, Idaho » Small Grains and Potato Germplasm Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #331883

Research Project: Integrating the Development of New Feed Ingredients and Functionality and Genetic Improvement to Enhance Sustainable Production of Rainbow Trout

Location: Small Grains and Potato Germplasm Research

Title: Gene expression profiling of long non-coding RNAs between rainbow trout strains fed plant-based diets

item Abernathy, Jason
item Overturf, Kenneth - Ken

Submitted to: National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI)
Publication Type: Other
Publication Acceptance Date: 8/2/2016
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and other salmonids are piscivorous fish. In aquaculture, fish-based feed ingredients are rapidly becoming unsustainable due to increased demand and diminishing supply. Total replacement of fishmeal with plant proteins causes severe intestinal enteritis, leading to reduced growth and lower feed efficiency. Through selective breeding, we have developed a strain of rainbow trout that does not develop distal intestine enteritis when reared on a high soy plant protein-based feed and also shows increased growth compared to other strains. Since central metabolism plays a major role in dietary alterations, liver tissue was examined for differential expression of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) between commercial and selected trout strains when fed an alternative diet. These types of non-coding RNA have been previously shown to have a potential role in regulation of gene expression; however, most identified lncRNAs have not been functionally characterized and/or lack definition in many non-model organisms. Their roles in gene regulation and their responsiveness to dietary changes in trout are to be explored. After three months of rearing on a plant protein-based diet, liver tissues from a domestic non-selected strain (House Creek; develops enteritis) and the plant-diet tolerant selected strain (ARS-KO; no enteritis) were extracted and prepped for Illumina RNA-sequencing. Raw reads were screened for quality then assembled into transcripts using Trinity. Assembled transcripts were then submitted to the Annocript pipeline to determine their potential as lncRNAs. RNA-sequencing reads were mapped to putative lncRNAs. Read-counts were used to assess differential expression between strains. RNA sequence data has been submitted to the public database National Center for Biotechnology Information - Gene Expression Omnibus (NCBI-GEO). Data is available under accession GSE85104.