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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Ames, Iowa » National Animal Disease Center » Ruminant Diseases and Immunology Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #331755


Location: Ruminant Diseases and Immunology Research

Title: Control of pestivirus infections in the management of wildlife populations

item Ridpath, Julia
item PASSLER, THOMAS - Auburn University

Submitted to: Frontiers in Microbiology
Publication Type: Other
Publication Acceptance Date: 8/24/2016
Publication Date: 9/8/2016
Citation: Ridpath, J.F., Passler, T. 2016. Control of pestivirus infections in the management of wildlife populations. Frontiers in Microbiology. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2016.01396.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: The lack of host-specificity allow pestiviruses to infect domestic livestock as well as captive and free-ranging wildlife, posing unique challenges to different stakeholders. While current control measures for bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) are focused only on cattle, increased attention on the status wildlife species is necessary, as is already done for classical swine fever virus (CSFV) control. The impact of pestiviruses on captive and free-ranging wildlife is less well understood; however, examples of dramatic damage exist, necessitating increased research attention on the effects of pestiviruses on the health of heterologous hosts. It is probable that there exist other pestivirus species in wildlife populations. Therefore, another research focus should be on the development and implementation of appropriate tools that allow detection of these novel pestiviruses. Although great advances have been made over the last decades, novel discoveries, such as the expansive role of heterologous hosts in the epidemiology of pestiviruses, continue to shape the understanding of the “classic” pestiviruses and require further vigorous research.